Hope springs if not eternal then at least until January 22 for the 34 political parties contesting the elections for the 19th Knesset, with parties already in the parliament eager to boost their current standing and the rest dreaming of passing the electoral threshold for the first time.

Of the 14 parties serving in the Knesset now, one — Ehud Barak’s Independence Party — will not participate in the January elections, while another — Yisrael Beytenu — will run jointly with Likud. Am Shalem, led by outcast Shas MK Haim Amsalem — is the party of a current member of Knesset trying to remain in parliament while striking out on his own.

That leaves 21 “outsiders” vying for position in the 120-seat parliament. Most of these, including the Greens, Green Leaf, The Power to Influence, The Israelis and Eternal Covenant for the Redemption of Israel, have campaigned in previous elections without earning any seats in the Knesset. Some are reincarnations of earlier parties with similar aims — as in the case of The Generation That Built the Country, which is attempting to recapture the mandates that Gil, the Pensioners party, briefly held. A few parties, such as Tzipi Livni’s Hatnua (The Movement,) are entirely new.

The complete list of parties, as authorized by the Central Elections Committee on Thursday night:

1. Light

2. We Are Brothers

3. New Land

4. Balad

5. Eternal Covenant for the Redemption of Israel

6. The Generation That Built the Country

7. Da’am — The Workers Party

8. Jewish Home

9. The Greens and the Young

10. The Israelis

11. Likud-Yisrael Beytenu

12. Labor

13. The Pirates

14. Hatnua (The Movement)

15. The Hope for Change

16. Hadash

17. Living in Dignity

18. United Torah Judaism

19. Yesh Atid

20. We Are All Friends

21. The Power to Influence

22. The Legacy of the Forefathers

23. The Economy Party

24. Meretz

25. The Progressive Liberal-Democratic Party

26. Eternity

27. Power to Israel

28. Green Leaf

29. Am Shalem

30. One Future

31. Social Justice

32. Kadima

33. The United Arab List

34. Shas