Thousands of Israelis will participate in a large scale earthquake drill to be held on Sunday by the Home Front Command. The exercise will include a scripted simulation of an earthquake and a tsunami, aimed at raising the preparedness of the citizens, local authorities and emergency services for dealing with natural disasters.
According to the script, an earthquake of moderate magnitude (measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale) will be “felt” Sunday at 11 a.m. in southern Israel, near Eilat. Thirty minutes later, a stronger earthquake — 7.1 on the Richter scale — will hit the Upper Galilee. At noon, shortly following a tsunami warning, citizens will be required to imagine a giant wave crashing against the shores of Israel, causing heavy destruction in Tel Aviv.
The drill will include television and radio broadcasts interrupting scheduled programming to admonish citizens to rush to open spaces wherever possible. Alternatives include finding sheltered rooms and standing under door frames.
The drill will continue in the Hula Valley area, where a tremor measuring 4.2 on the Richter scale will be enacted at 7 p.m.
Schoolchildren across the country will participate in enactments in their schools.
According to Home Front estimations, a real-life occurrence of the above scenario would lead to 7,000 deaths, 8,600 people injured in serious condition, 37,000 injured lightly, 9,500 trapped under rubble and about 170,000 displaced and homeless. In addition, 28,000 buildings are expected to be heavily damaged, with hundreds of thousands of buildings expected to incur light damage.
The prognosis is grimmer yet for the Dan region, where some 95,000 buildings — including 300 schools — could collapse in the event of an earthquake of a magnitude of 7 or higher on the Richter scale. According to the Home Front Command, 70 percent of buildings in the area — which houses about 42 percent of Israel’s population — do not meet the earthquake resistance standards set in 1980, as they were constructed prior to that year.
Home Front Minister Avi Dichter said last week that, unlike with missiles and mortar shells, “there are no earthquake alarms, which is why an alert and responsive public can minimize damages and prevent a catastrophe.”