Schoolgirls around Iran removing hijabs, denouncing regime

Iran denies girl, 16, was killed in protests as her death sparks new furor

Nika Shakarami was last seen alive at Tehran protests on September 20; family says it found her body in a morgue, but the authorities snatched it away for secret burial

Nika Shakarami (Wikipedia; Original publication: Unknown/Immediate source:
Nika Shakarami (Wikipedia; Original publication: Unknown/Immediate source:

The disappearance and death of a 16-year-old girl who was protesting the regime in Tehran has unleashed a fresh outpouring of anger on Iranian social media, as the demonstrations continue.

Reports on social media claimed security forces killed her, but the judiciary on Wednesday rejected the allegations.

Nika Shakarami, who lived in the capital with her mother, vanished September 20 during the protests in Tehran, her uncle Kianoush Shakarami told Iran’s Tasnim news agency. She was missing for a week before her lifeless body was found.

Her family found Shakrami’s body in a morgue at a detention center, the BBC said. “When we went to identify her, they didn’t allow us to see her body, only her face for a few seconds,” said Atash Shakarami, Nika’s aunt, told the BBC.

The family brought the body to her father’s hometown, Khorramabad, in the west of Iran, on Sunday — which would have been her 17th birthday — and intended to bury her there on Monday. “But her body was snatched and buried in a village about 40 [kilometers] away,” the BBC quoted sources saying.

Under pressure from the authorities the family had agreed not to hold a funeral, but Iran’s security forces “stole” Shakrami’s body and buried it in the village of Veysian, the BBC quoted a source saying.

Nonetheless, hundreds of protesters gathered in Khorramabad cemetery, chanting slogans including “death to the dictator,” the BBC said.

Foreign-based Iranian activists allege Shakrami died in police custody, with hundreds circulating her photo and using her name as a hashtag online for the protest movement. The prosecutor in the western Lorestan province, Dariush Shahoonvand, denied any wrongdoing by authorities.

“Foreign enemies have tried to create a tense atmosphere after this incident,” he told the Hamshari daily, without elaborating on what happened.

On Tuesday, Iran’s judiciary said it had opened an investigation into her death.

“A case has been filed in the criminal court to investigate the cause of Nika Shakarami’s death,” Tehran prosecutor Ali Salehi was quoted as saying by the official IRNA news agency late Tuesday.

“An order to investigate the case has been issued and necessary measures are being taken in this regard,” he added.

Tasnim news agency said eight people had been arrested in connection with Shakrami’s death.

“The investigation into the case… is still ongoing, and the forensic experts have not yet submitted their final report on this incident to the judicial authorities,” Tasnim reported.

On Wednesday, however, the judiciary denied any connection between her death and the protests. An autopsy showed “multiple fractures… in the pelvis, head, upper and lower limbs, arms and legs which indicate that the person was thrown from a height,” state news agency IRNA quoted Tehran judiciary official Mohammad Shahriari as saying.

“No bullet marks were found… and the evidence shows that the death was caused by the person being thrown,” he said, adding: “The incident has nothing to do with the recent disturbances.”

In this October 1, 2022, photo taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran, tear gas is fired by security to disperse protestors in front of the Tehran University, Iran. (AP Photo)

Shahkarami’s death comes as Iranian schoolgirls have come to the fore in the protests over the death of Mahsa Amini, removing their hijabs and staging sporadic rallies in defiance of a lethal crackdown by the security forces.

Amini, 22, was pronounced dead days after the notorious morality police detained the Iranian Kurd last month for allegedly breaching the Islamic republic’s strict dress code for women.

Anger flared at her funeral and spread to become the biggest wave of protests to rock Iran in almost three years, despite the backlash by the security forces that has killed scores and seen hundreds arrested.

Schoolgirls protest in ‘extraordinary scenes’

Students rallied at the weekend before being confronted by riot police who cornered them in an underground car park of Tehran’s prestigious Sharif University of Technology before hauling them away.

Schoolgirls have since taken up the baton around the country, removing their hijabs, shouting anti-regime slogans and defacing images of the clerical state’s leaders.

“Death to the dictator,” a group of bare-headed girls is heard chanting in reference to supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as they force a man, reportedly the principal, out of a school in Karaj, west of Tehran, on Monday in a video verified by AFP.

Another group of girls sings “Woman, life, freedom”, as they march down a street of the Karaj neighborhood of Gohardasht.

“These are really extraordinary scenes. If these protests are going to achieve anything, it will be because of the schoolgirls,” Esfandyar Batmanghelidj of the Bourse & Bazaar news and analysis website tweeted in response.

Schoolgirls are also seen emptying classrooms and appearing at flash-mob protests to avoid detection, in other footage shared online.

A boisterous group of girls are seen yelling “Get lost, Basiji”, in reference to the paramilitary force, at a man standing at a podium in the southern city of Shiraz, in a video shared by the 1500tasvir social media channel.

AFP has been unable to independently verify the footage.

Singer silenced

As the women-led protests stretch into a fourth week, Iran has widened its crackdown, rounding up high-profile supporters of the movement and imposing internet restrictions that limit access to social media.

On Tuesday night, Iranian pop singer Shervin Hajipour, who was arrested after his song in support of the protests went viral and became an anthem for the movement, was freed on bail.

“I’m here to say I’m okay. But I am sorry that some particular movements based outside of Iran — which I have had no relations with — made some improper political uses of this song,” he told his 1.9 million Instagram followers shortly after his release.

At least 92 protesters have been killed in the unrest, according to the Oslo-based group Iran Human Rights (IHR).

Amnesty International has confirmed 53 deaths, while Fars news agency put the death toll at “around 60” last week. At least 12 security personnel have been reported killed.

Another 63 people were killed last week when security forces “bloodily suppressed” a protest in Zahedan, near Iran’s southeastern border with Pakistan, said IHR.

The clashes erupted after Friday prayers during protests sparked by accusations a police chief in the region had raped a teenage girl of the Baluch Sunni minority, it said.

Sanctions loom

The crackdown has drawn global condemnation.

On Tuesday, the European Union joined the United States in warning that it was looking to impose tough new sanctions on Iran over the bloody crackdown.

Proposed punitive measures targeting senior Iranian officials include “freezing their assets and their right to travel”, French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna said.

Iran has repeatedly accused outside forces of stoking the protests and last week said nine foreign nationals — including from France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland — had been arrested.

On Wednesday, Iran summoned British ambassador Simon Shercliff to hear a protest over “meddlesome statements” over the protests.

The unrest has overshadowed diplomatic efforts to revive a 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and major powers which had come close to a breakthrough in recent months before stalling again.

But the White House said the “problems with Iran’s behavior” are separate from efforts to revive the nuclear deal.

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