With final tallies in, the nearly 80,000 party members who voted in Likud’s Wednesday primary rewarded politicians allied with the party chief Benjamin Netanyahu, placing six loyalists in the top 10 spots.
One of them, Likud faction director Yariv Levin, leads the party’s Knesset slate after Netanyahu for the November 1 general elections, while some veteran party members appear to have been punished by voters for challenging Netanyahu.
Levin, considered the closest politician to Netanyahu, will be the party number two behind its longtime leader, who secured the top spot in June unopposed.
While no lawmakers in Likud are publicly anti-Netanyahu, there is a range of how closely aligned they are with the former prime minister.
Though the votes have been counted, Likud’s final Knesset slate will take longer to shake out as candidates’ appeals and special appointments by the party leader are expected.
Levin is considered Netanyahu’s righthand man in the Knesset, managing faction business and politics. Most recently, Levin — helped by Yoav Kisch, who also placed in the top 10 — managed Knesset dissolution negotiations with the coalition on behalf of the Likud-led opposition. Levin is also the brain behind the party’s judicial reform agenda, and has advocated for it since his days as a lawyer.
Kisch had backed Justice Minister Gideon Sa’ar, now the New Hope party chair, in his unsuccessful 2019 bid to take over the helm of Likud from Netanyahu. But since then he has worked to rehabilitate his standing with the party leader, and has become a second to Levin in some ways, including in the sensitive Knesset dispersal negotiations.
Other Netanyahu supporters rewarded by Likud voters include former ministers Amir Ohana, Miri Regev, Eli Cohen and former coalition whip Miki Zohar. Shlomo Karhi followed closely behind in 12, a strong finish in his second primary.
Lawmakers Yoav Gallant, a former general, former communications and cyber minister David Amsalem, former Jerusalem mayor Nir Barkat, and former Shin Bet security service director Avi Dichter round out the male-dominated top 10.
The lack of female representation continues down list as well, with only Regev and MK Galit Distel Atbaryan securing placement on their own. However, the party dedicates five realistic spots for women, and several below that threshold — including newcomer Tally Gotliv — will be slotted in.
“Our [electoral] list is the bomb. The best list… in the State of Israel,” Netanyahu said in a video hailing the primary results and thanking Likud members who voted.
Likud is currently polling between 30 and 35 seats in November, but only candidates securing a position up to 20 are considered to have a realistic shot at entering the Knesset come November because the party reserves spots for specially selected candidates. However, if Likud finds its way back to power, Netanyahu will have the opportunity to pull in additional lawmakers further down the list by swapping them in for a number of appointed ministers.
While exit polls predicted that a number of senior politicians would be shut out of the next Knesset, results show they will squeak in, though they were demoted by voters.
Most prominent among them is Yuli Edelstein, reduced to number 15. A former Knesset speaker and health minister, Edelstein used to be a close confidant of Netanyahu, but said last year that he planned to challenge Netanyahu for Likud’s leadership. Netanyahu has led the party since 2005.
Netanyahu’s government at the time was “simply dangerous for Israel,” Edelstein said while announcing his challenge, adding that the party had repeatedly failed to form a stable coalition under the longtime leader. Edelstein succumbed to internal party pressure to give up the leadership challenge in June.
In the last Likud primary in 2019, Edelstein was the top vote-getter, placing second on the party’s list behind Netanyahu. Behind Edelstein was Sa’ar, who later broke with Netanyahu to form New Hope.
Additionally censured by voters were former coalition whip David Bitan, Likud Central Committee chair Haim Katz, and former foreign and finance minister Israel Katz, veteran lawmakers and ministers who have built their own bases of power within Likud’s activist ranks.
One of the reasons that Netanyahu pushed to keep the polls open for an extra 90 minutes on Wednesday night in a bid to drive up voter turnout, which ultimately reached 58%, was to dilute the effects of deals struck among candidates for mutual support. Likud voters can select up to 12 candidates on a primary ballot, and Bitan and the two Katzes reportedly encouraged each other’s supporters to vote for the tripartite.
That played out in the results, which saw the three clustered in numbers 11, 14, and 16, led by Israel Katz, then Bitan and Haim Katz.
Party sources expected up to a third of lawmakers to turn over after the primary, as the Likud slate is structured to actively encourage new blood in the ranks. Several of the lawmakers who were bumped were party mainstays.
Former minister Tzahi Hanegbi was the most prominent. Hanegbi threw his hat in the ring to succeed Netanyahu during a brief January window when the former prime minister was considering exiting politics via a plea deal to close his three corruption cases.
Vocal new female lawmakers May Golan, Etty Atia, and Kety Shitrit, journeyman politician Orly Levy-Abekasis, and newer lawmaker Keren Barak dropped below the cut-off, but some will be resuscitated by being given spots reserved for female candidates.
One of the primary ways the party brings in new energy is through 10 list spots earmarked for new lawmakers, chosen on a regional basis. Six of these spots appear in the first 35, including: Eliyahu Revivo, (Judean Foothills), Nissim Vaturi (Galil and Valleys), Shalom Danino (Negev), Hanoch Milwidsky (Dan Region), Eli Dallal (Coastal Plain), and Ariel Kallner (Haifa).
Because the last four election cycles bumped some district lawmakers out of Knesset after only a few months, the party allowed MKs serving less than a year to run again on the district ticket, including Vaturi and Kallner.
Another well-known new face is Boaz Bismuth, the former editor of free daily Israel Hayom. Bismuth joined the party last month and placed 19 on the list, making it into Knesset by the skin of his teeth.
In addition to spots claimed in the primary, voters on Wednesday approved Netanyahu’s five discretionary spots to dole out, three deemed realistic for entering Knesset: 14, 16, and 28.