ISRAEL AT WAR - DAY 145

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On 1st Saudi visit since ties restored, Iran FM touts Islamic unity, slams ‘Zionists’

As Riyadh engages in talks with US to potentially normalize with Israel, Tehran’s top diplomat tells counterpart, ‘Zionist regime will continue effort to divide Muslim world’

Iran's Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, left, and his Saudi counterpart Faisal bin Farhan hold a joint press conference in Riyadh on August 17, 2023. (Fayez Nureldine/AFP)
Iran's Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, left, and his Saudi counterpart Faisal bin Farhan hold a joint press conference in Riyadh on August 17, 2023. (Fayez Nureldine/AFP)

RIYADH — Iran’s top diplomat preached unity and dialogue during a visit to Saudi Arabia on Thursday, his first since the two Middle East rivals announced a surprise rapprochement in March.

Hossein Amir-Abdollahian also took the opportunity to reiterate the Islamic Republic’s support for the Palestinian cause at a time when Riyadh is in discussions with the United States about potentially normalizing ties with Israel.

Such a deal would see Saudi Arabia recognize Israel in exchange for conditions including security guarantees from the United States and concessions from Israel on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Standing next to Prince Faisal on Thursday, Amir-Abdollahian described the conflict as “the most important issue in the Islamic world,” adding: “We continue to support Palestine.”

“There is no doubt that the Zionist regime will continue its efforts to create division in the Muslim world and the region. We follow the movements of the Zionist regime with insight and vigilance,” he added.

Ties between Sunni-majority Saudi Arabia and Shiite-majority Iran “are progressing in the right direction,” Amir-Abdollahian told reporters at a press conference with his Saudi counterpart Prince Faisal bin Farhan, touting economic and security cooperation without announcing any new agreements.

Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian attends a joint press conference with his Saudi counterpart in Riyadh on August 17, 2023. (Fayez Nureldine/AFP)

Thursday’s meeting in the Saudi foreign ministry’s Islamic Solidarity Hall “will be a prelude to the meeting of the heads of the two countries,” he added, without specifying when Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi would visit Saudi Arabia at King Salman’s invitation.

“We are sure that these meetings and cooperation will help the unity of the Islamic world.”

The foreign ministers did not take questions.

The two countries severed ties in 2016 after Saudi diplomatic missions in Iran were attacked during protests over Riyadh’s execution of Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr.

But in March, a China-brokered deal saw the long-time rivals agree to restore diplomatic relations and reopen their respective embassies.

In June, Iran reopened its embassy in Riyadh with a flag-raising ceremony.

Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs Faisal bin Farhan (C), Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi (L) and Syrian Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad (R) meet with other members of the Arab committee on Syria, in Cairo on August 15, 2023. (Khaled Desouki/AFP)

Its new ambassador, Alireza Enayati, traveled with Amir-Abdollahian to Riyadh on Thursday.

Earlier this month, Iran said the Saudi embassy in Tehran had begun operations, but Riyadh has yet to confirm this or announce an ambassador of its own.

Deep-rooted issues

Amir-Abdollahian’s one-day stop in Riyadh came two months after Prince Faisal became the first Saudi foreign minister to travel to Iran since 2006.

The visits and the reopening of embassies represent “important confidence-building measures,” said Anna Jacobs, senior Gulf analyst for the International Crisis Group.

“Saudi-Iran rapprochement is still in its early phases, and it’s still very unclear how the two sides will address their many points of friction,” Jacobs said.

“Resuming diplomatic ties and engaging in more dialogue is a good start, but it’s difficult to tell if this will be enough to resolve the long-standing issues in their relationship.”

Iran and Saudi Arabia have backed opposing sides in conflict zones across the Middle East for years, including in Yemen, where in 2015, Riyadh mobilized an international coalition against Iran-backed Houthi rebels who had toppled the internationally recognized government the previous year.

Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian attends a joint press conference with his Saudi counterpart in Riyadh on August 17, 2023. (Fayez Nureldine/AFP)

Since the March deal, Saudi Arabia has ramped up a push for peace in Yemen, holding direct talks with Houthi leaders in April in the Yemeni capital Sanaa.

It has also championed the return of key Iran ally Syria to the Arab fold at a summit in May.

On Wednesday, Iranian state media said Iranian and Saudi military officials met in Moscow on the sidelines of a security conference.

At the same time, the two sides have exchanged competing statements over a disputed gas field that Saudi Arabia plans to develop jointly with Kuwait.

Members of the Arab committee of Syria, Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry (C-R), Arab League Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul Gheit, (C-L), Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein (2-L), Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs Faisal bin Farhan (L), Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi (2-R) and Lebanese Foreign Minister Abdallah Bou Habib meet in Cairo on August 15, 2023. (Khaled Desouki/AFP)

Iran also wants to explore and exploit the field, known as Arash in Iran and Dorra in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, which has long been a point of contention between the three countries.

“The dispute over the Dorra/Arash gas field shouldn’t be a major obstacle to improving ties, and it could even be an opportunity for dialogue,” Jacobs said.

“But from the Saudi perspective, they are more concerned about Yemen, threats to maritime security in the Gulf, and regional files like Syria.”

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