Germany anti-Semitic offenses rise sharply in 2018, mostly from far-right
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Germany anti-Semitic offenses rise sharply in 2018, mostly from far-right

Last year saw 1,646 incidents motivated by hatred against Jews, government says, also citing 60% increase in violent attacks

Illustrative: A man shows a kippa during the 'Berlin wears kippa' event, with more than 2,000 Jews and non-Jews wearing the traditional skullcap to show solidarity with Jews on April 25, 2018 in Berlin after Germany has been rocked by a series of anti-Semitic incidents. (AFP/Tobias Schwartz)
Illustrative: A man shows a kippa during the 'Berlin wears kippa' event, with more than 2,000 Jews and non-Jews wearing the traditional skullcap to show solidarity with Jews on April 25, 2018 in Berlin after Germany has been rocked by a series of anti-Semitic incidents. (AFP/Tobias Schwartz)

BERLIN, Germany (AFP) — Anti-Semitic offenses rose almost 10 percent in Germany last year, and violent attacks were up more than 60%, crime statistics showed Wednesday.

Police recorded 1,646 offenses motivated by hatred against Jews, said a government response to a request by far-left Die Linke party lawmaker Petra Pau.

Among these were 62 violent offenses that left 43 people injured, up from 37 physical attacks the previous year.

Germany, like other Western countries, has watched with alarm as anti-Semitic and other racist hate speech and violence have increased in recent years as the political climate has coarsened and grown more polarized.

A mass influx of mostly Muslim refugees and migrants to Germany from 2015 drove the rise of the far-right and anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, which since late 2017 is the biggest opposition group in parliament.

Leading AfD members, aside from railing against Islam and multiculturalism, have also made comments that play down the Holocaust.

Party co-leader Alexander Gauland described Nazi Germany’s industrial-scale murder of Jews and other minorities as a mere “speck of bird poo in over 1,000 years of successful German history.”

Another leading AfD politician, Bjoern Hoecke, has criticized the sprawling Holocaust memorial in Berlin as a “monument of shame.”

The president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, Josef Schuster, and other Jewish community leaders have accused the AfD of fomenting hate against refugees, Muslims and Jews.

Belt attack, Holocaust denial

At the same time, Germany has also witnessed a rise in anti-Semitic attacks committed by migrants from Arab states.

In one prominent case last year a 19-year-old Syrian man was convicted for assault after lashing out with his belt at an Israeli man wearing a Jewish kippa while shouting “yahudi,” Jew in Arabic.

A video of the street assault, filmed by the victim on his smartphone, had sparked widespread public revulsion as it spread on social media, and triggered street rallies in solidarity with Jews.

News of the belt attack coincided with another public outcry, over a rap duo who made light of Nazi death camp prisoners but went on to win the music industry’s sales-based Echo award, which was subsequently axed.

Days after the belt assault, some 2,000 people rallied at a “Berlin Wears Kippa” solidarity demonstration, matched by smaller events in several other German cities.

People take part in the “Berlin wears kippa” event, with more than 2,000 Jews and non-Jews wearing the traditional skullcap to show solidarity with Jews on April 25, 2018 in Berlin after Germany has been rocked by a series of anti-Semitic incidents. (AFP PHOTO / Tobias SCHWARZ)

Most anti-Semitic offenses were, however, committed by far-right perpetrators, reported the Berlin daily Tagesspiegel in an article on the new crime statistics.

Pau in her statement charged that “we are seeing that militant right-wing extremists can openly call for the desecration of Jewish institutions and attacks against Jewish people.”

A rising number of people and groups in the “gray zone between conservatism and right-wing extremism are denying the Holocaust and engaging in anti-Semitic agitation,” she said.

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