Brazilian diplomat who presided over 1947 UN vote for partition plan remembered

Brazilian diplomat who presided over 1947 UN vote for partition plan remembered

Ceremonies in Rio De Janeiro and southern Brazil mark memory of Oswaldo Aranha, who supported and lobbied on behalf of resolution enabling creation of Jewish state

The UN votes on partition, November 29, 1947 (Courtesy of the Government Press Office, Jerusalem)
The UN votes on partition, November 29, 1947 (Courtesy of the Government Press Office, Jerusalem)

RIO DE JANEIRO (JTA) — Several Jewish and non-Jewish officials attended events to honor the memory of the Brazilian diplomat who played a crucial role in the creation of the State of Israel 70 years ago.

Oswaldo Aranha, a former president of the United Nations General Assembly who presided over the meeting held on November 29, 1947, supported and heavily lobbied for the majority in favor of the resolution that partitioned the British Mandate of Palestine into two states, Jewish and Arab. For his efforts, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948.

“We are very proud that it was a Brazilian in that role. We honor the memorable chancellor Aranha for having allowed the Jewish people to make our millennial dream come true,” said Rio Jewish federation President Herry Rosenberg during a ceremony on Wednesday at Rio’s largest synagogue, the 1,000-family Reform temple ARI.

On the same day, a Jewish group joined Aranha’s family for a tribute at his grave in a Catholic cemetery.

Oswaldo Aranha, the Brazilian diplomat who pushed for the 1947 Partition Plan establishing borders for a Jewish state. (Public domain)

“Oswaldo Aranha is regarded by the Jewish people as the great craftsman of the fulfillment of our millennial dream of two thousand years: The State of Israel,” Israel’s honorary consul Osias Wurman told JTA. “Abba Eban, Israel’s first chancellor, once said a very special chapter should be dedicated to Aranha in a book to tell the history of Israel.”

Israel’s ambassador to Brazil, Yossi Shelley, attended a ceremony on Tuesday in Porto Alegre, capital city of Rio Grande do Sul state, where Aranha was born in 1894.

“Israel is a strong nation. We must continue our efforts to bring both Israel and Brazil together even more,” he said.

State Governor Jose Ivo Sartori said that Israel is the result of the struggle and the capacity of the whole Jewish people to be united as one.

“Israel is a modern nation, but it never loses its origins. At this transitional moment our country is going through, the support of this country, which has experienced so many adversities, motivates us to remain firm and strong and looking forward to the future,” he said.

By presiding over the first special session of the UN General Assembly, Oswaldo Aranha, then head of the Brazilian delegation, began a tradition that has remained until today whereby the first speaker at this major international forum is always a Brazilian.

Several thousand Jews from Europe were granted visas to Brazil during the Aranha’s time as minister for external relations from 1938 to 1944. However, some historians have recently argued that Aranha was aware of secret pamphlets circulating asking that Jews be denied entry visas to Brazil and did little to change this.

Albert Einstein asked Aranha for help in obtaining a visa for his German-Jewish friend Helene Fabian-Katz to join her brother in Sao Paulo. Einstein had previously appealed to the United States government for help, but the US denied the visa.

Aranha served as ambassador to the United States in 1934. A square in Jerusalem and streets in several Israeli cities are named for him.

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