LONDON (AFP) — British artists Lucian Freud and Francis Bacon were friends for decades before a bitter falling out.
Now a new exhibition explores the pair’s friendship along with two other influential painters with whom they shared models, rivalries, and a belief in portraiture in 1950s and ’60s London.
Freud’s first wife, Caroline Blackwood, famously said of Bacon that he came over for dinner “nearly every night for more or less the whole of my marriage to Lucian.”
“We also had lunch,” she added.
But while their friendship is well documented, the lesser-known relationship the pair had with two other artists — Frank Auerbach and Michael Andrews — was equally important, said exhibition curator Richard Calvocoressi.
The four friends and rivals sat for and painted one another and hung out together in central London’s Soho district.
Freud and Auerbach also shared a common history, having both fled Nazi Germany as children.
“Friends and Relations,” which opens on Thursday at central London’s Gagosian gallery and runs until January 28, was inspired by a famous black and white photograph taken of the four artists in 1963 by John Deakin.
The men are pictured, along with the much younger painter Timothy Behrens, in a Soho restaurant.
“I thought it would be interesting to look at [Freud] in the context of these close friends,” Calvocoressi told AFP.
The four painters “were seeing a lot of each other in the 1950s and 1960s. They, very unfashionably at the time, held out for figurative art… at a time when abstract art was all the fashion.”
“I think they found the conventions of representational painting tired and in need of rejuvenating and refreshing and that’s what they did, and over the course of half a century — they stuck to the human figure as the core subject in their art,” he said.
A highlight of the exhibition is the group portrait “The Colony Room I” by Andrews depicting Freud, Bacon, and artist’s model Henrietta Moraes among others at the storied drinking club that was a favorite haunt.
Calvocoressi said that Soho and the British capital, where each made their home, was another theme running through the exhibition, with works such as the rubbish-strewn view from Freud’s studio and a painting of Primrose Hill by Auerbach.
The exhibition features more than 40 paintings gathered from private and public collections, including many of the artists’ portraits of one another.
Calvocoressi said the quartet “sparked off each other,” and were “the most radical” of their generation of artists.
“They talked endlessly about art… they formed a sort of distinct group” at a time when people were turning to other artistic movements such as pop, conceptual, and minimalist art, he said.
“I think after the last war… and the revelations of all that happened in Nazi-occupied Europe and the death camps, a lot of painters lost faith in humanity and painting.”
“How do you paint a human being again after he or she has committed something like that?”
But the four London painters “stuck to their interest in the human form,” and Freud in particular “perfected the naked portrait more than the others,” he said.
“Relations” featured in the exhibition include spouses, lovers, models, children, and parents.
“Portrait of Man Walking Down Steps” is a tribute by Bacon to his lover George Dyer, who killed himself in 1971.
“Naked Portrait on a Red Sofa” meanwhile shows Freud’s fashion designer daughter Bella.
The work painted in 1989 and 1991, when Bella was in her late 20s, was described by his friend, the photographer Bruce Bernard, as one of his “most audacious and sensitive works.”
Of the four artists, only Auerbach, now 91, is still alive. Bacon died in 1992, Andrews in 1995 and Freud in 2011.
Auerbach is still painting and, during the pandemic, deprived of sitters, turned to self-portraits.
I joined The Times of Israel after many years covering US and Israeli politics for Hebrew news outlets.
I believe responsible coverage of Israeli politicians means presenting a 360 degree view of their words and deeds – not only conveying what occurs, but also what that means in the broader context of Israeli society and the region.
That’s hard to do because you can rarely take politicians at face value – you must go the extra mile to present full context and try to overcome your own biases.
I’m proud of our work that tells the story of Israeli politics straight and comprehensively. I believe Israel is stronger and more democratic when professional journalists do that tough job well.
Your support for our work by joining The Times of Israel Community helps ensure we can continue to do so.
Tal Schneider, Political Correspondent
We’re really pleased that you’ve read X Times of Israel articles in the past month.
That’s why we started the Times of Israel ten years ago - to provide discerning readers like you with must-read coverage of Israel and the Jewish world.
So now we have a request. Unlike other news outlets, we haven’t put up a paywall. But as the journalism we do is costly, we invite readers for whom The Times of Israel has become important to help support our work by joining The Times of Israel Community.
For as little as $6 a month you can help support our quality journalism while enjoying The Times of Israel AD-FREE, as well as accessing exclusive content available only to Times of Israel Community members.
David Horovitz, Founding Editor of The Times of Israel