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Hess was an Austrian-American physicist, and Nobel laureate in physics, who discovered cosmic rays.… [More] His discovery opened the door to many new discoveries in nuclear physics. Hess relocated to the US with his Jewish wife in 1938 in order to escape Nazi persecution. The same year Fordham University appointed him Professor of Physics, and he later became a naturalized US citizen in 1944. [Less]
1914: Jan Karski
Karski was a Polish World War II resistance movement fighter. From 1942 Karski reported to the Polish,… [More] British and US governments on the situation in Poland, especially on the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto and the Holocaust of the Jews. He had also carried out of Poland a microfilm with further information from the underground movement on the extermination of European Jews in German-occupied Poland. The Polish Foreign Minister Count Edward Raczynski provided the Allies on this basis one of the earliest and most accurate accounts of the Holocaust. A note by Foreign Minister Edward Raczynski entitled “The mass extermination of Jews in German occupied Poland” addressed to the governments of the United Nations in December 1942 would later be published (along with other documents) in a widely distributed leaflet. He later became a professor at Georgetown University. In 1994, E. Thomas Wood and Stanislaw M. Jankowski published “Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust.” Karski was a Catholic. [Less]
1950: Moshe ‘Bogie’ Ya’alon
Ya’alon, born Moshe Smilansky, is an Israeli politician and former Chief of Staff of the IDF. He is… [More] currently the Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Strategic Affairs. He is a member of the Likud party. After the 1973 Yom Kippur War, Ya’alon rejoined the IDF (he had served as a reservist) and served in the Paratroopers Brigades and Sayeret Matkal, an elite special forces unit. He was appointed Chief of Staff of the IDF in July 2002, and served in that position until June 1, 2005. The major focus throughout his service as Chief of Staff was the army’s effort to quell the Second Intifada. [Less]