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Gibbon was an English historian and Member of Parliament. His most famous work, “The History of the… [More] Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,” was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. The work is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open criticism of organized religion. In the historical accounts, he also writes about Jews’ positions in, as well as their relations to the leaders of, the Roman Empire. [Less]
1822: President Ulysses S. Grant
Grant was was the 18th President of the US following his dominant role in the second half of the Civil War.… [More] Under Grant, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and effectively ended the war — with the surrender of Robert E. Lee’s army at Appomattox. As President he led the Radical Republicans in their effort to eliminate all vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, and he effectively destroyed the Ku Klux Klan in 1871. He also had Jewish political allies and was a voluntary contributor to the building for Adas Israel, the famous Conservative congregation that still stands in Washington, D.C. [Less]
1922: Jack Klugman
Klugman is an American stage, film and television actor. He is best known as actor Tony Randall’s… [More] sloppy roommate Oscar Madison in the American television series “The Odd Couple,” for his starring role in Quincy, M.E., and as Juror #5 in “12 Angry Men.” Born to a Jewish family in Philadelphia, Klugman began acting after serving in the United States Army during World War II. A struggling actor in New York City, Klugman was a roommate of fellow actor Charles Bronson before he and Bronson became well known. [Less]