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Saint Louis (he is the only canonized king of France) was King of France from 1226 until his death. He was… [More] considered an exemplary Christian. He financed two Crusades (some historians point he levied taxes on Jews, or purely stole from them, and thus was able to finance the mission to the Holy Land). He also Jews from the land and notably burned 12,000 copies of the Talmud and other Jewish texts. During his second crusade, he died in Tunis, and was then succeeded by his son, Philip III. [Less]
1599: Oliver Cromwell
Cromwell was part of the joint republican, military and parliamentarian effort that overthrew… [More] the Stuart monarchy as a result of the English Civil War. He subsequently assumed a head of state role in 1653, as “Lord Protector,” for a five-year segment (1653-58) of the 11-year period of the republican Commonwealth and protectorate rule of England — and nominally of Ireland, Wales and Scotland. To the Jews, he is the English leader who enabled the Jews to return to England after three and half centuries of exile. Despite a great deal of opposition, Cromwell held fast to his commitment to the return of the Jews. [Less]
1908: Edward Murrow
Ed Murrow was the iconic voice of CBS News. He was an American broadcast journalist who rose to prominence… [More] with a series of radio news broadcasts during World War II, which were followed by millions of listeners in the United States and Canada. Before joining CBS, Murrow served as Assistant Secretary of the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars, which helped prominent German scholars (most of whom were Jews) deal with the effects of the Nazi rise to power. When the committee issued its first report in 1934, Murrow compared the conditions to those of the “expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.” [Less]