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Reinach was a French author and politician who championed the cause of Alfred Dreyfus. He called for a… [More] public hearing when Dreyfus was first charged and publicly denounced the documents used to convict him as a forgery. (Dreyfus was a French artillery officer of Jewish background whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas, and a marked example of the rise of anti-Semitism, in modern French and European history. Known today as the Dreyfus Affair, the incident eventually ended with Dreyfus’s complete exoneration.) [Less]
1908: David Oistrakh
Oistrakh was a renowned Jewish-Soviet classical violinist. He collaborated with major orchestras and musicians… [More] from many parts of the world, including the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States, and was the dedicatee of numerous violin works, including both of Dmitri Shostakovich’s violin concerti, and the violin concerto by Aram Khachaturian. He is considered one of the preeminent violinists of the 20th century. [Less]
1911: Ruth Gruber
Gruber, the daughter of Russian-Jewish immigrants, is an American journalist, photographer,… [More] writer, humanitarian and a former United States government official. During World War II, Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes appointed Gruber as his Special Assistant. In that role, she led a 1944 American mission to save 1,000 Jewish WWII refugees and injured US soldiers and bring them from Italy to America. Gruber’s book “Haven: The Dramatic Story of 1000 World War II Refugees and How They Came to America” was based on case histories she recorded as she interviewed the refugees. [Less]