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Sir Chaplin was a Jewish-English comic actor, film director and composer best known for his work… [More] during the silent film era. He was considered the most famous film star in the world before the end of World War I. He was a creative force behind the silent era films. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith, he co-founded United Artists in 1919. Chaplin’s first talking picture, “The Great Dictator” (1940), was an act of defiance against Nazism. [Less]
1896: Samuel Rosenstock, aka Tristan Tzara
Tzara was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. He is credited… [More] with founding the Dada Movement. In 1919, after moving to Paris, he joined the staff of Littérature magazine, which marked the first step in the movement’s evolution toward Surrealism. He was involved in the major polemics which led to Dada’s split, defending his principles against André Breton and Francis Picabia, and, in Romania, against eclectic modernism. During the final part of his career, Tzara combined his humanist and anti-fascist perspective with a communist vision, joining the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War and the French Resistance during World War II, and served a term in the National Assembly. [Less]
1897: Sir John B. Glubb
Lieutenant-General Glubb was a British soldier, scholar and author, best known for leading and training… [More] Transjordan’s Arab Legion 1939-1956 as its commanding general. Glubb and his officers trained the Jordanian Army and made it in effective fighting force against the Israelis. The Arab Legion was the only force to score a meaningful victory over the Jewish fighters which left the Jordanians in control of the eastern section of Jerusalem and parts of what is now the West Bank. [Less]