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FDR was the 32nd president of the United States (1933–1945) and a central figure in world events during… [More] the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. A dominant leader of the Democratic Party and the only American president elected to more than two terms, he built a New Deal Coalition that realigned American politics after 1932, as his domestic policies defined American liberalism for the middle third of the 20th century. To the Jews, he will be remembered as the president who — despite criticism that he didn’t do nearly enough to prevent the Holocaust — worked with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin to lead the Allies against Japan and Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Germany during World War II. [Less]
1909: Saul Alinsky
Alinsky was a Jewish-American community organizer and writer. He is generally considered to be the… [More] founder of modern community organizing. He is often noted for his book Rules for Radicals. In the course of nearly four decades of political organizing, Alinsky received a great deal of criticism, but also gained praise from many public figures. His organizing skills were focused on improving the living conditions of poor communities across North America. In the 1950s, he began turning his attention to improving conditions of the African-American ghettos, beginning with Chicago’s and later traveling to other ghettos in California, Michigan, New York City, and a dozen other “trouble spots.” [Less]
1912: Barbara W. Tuchman
Tuchman was an American historian and author with Jewish roots. She became widely known first for The Guns of… [More] August (later August 1914), a best-selling history of the prelude to and the first month of World War I, which won the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction in 1963. She focused on writing popular history. [Less]