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The British Prime Minister at the end of World War I. George helped bring victory to the allies. He is also… [More] remembered for issuing the Balfour Declaration in 1917, which promised to help the Jewish people establish a national homeland in Palestine. Lloyd George is best known as the highly energetic Prime Minister (1916–22) who guided the British through the First World War to victory over Germany and its allies. He was a major player at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that reordered Europe after the Great War. As an icon of 20th-century liberalism, he is regarded as the founder of the British welfare state. [Less]
1928: Vidal Sassoon
Sassoon was a British-Sephardi hairdresser, credited with creating a simple geometric,… [More] “Bauhaus-inspired” hair style, also called the wedge bob. Establishing himself in the US in 1965, he opened the first chain of worldwide hairstyling salons, complemented by a line of hair-treatment products that became an international brand. His company’s 1980s television commercials featured the popular tag line, “If you don’t look good, we don’t look good.” His father left his family, in England, when Vidal was three years old. Due to poverty as a single parent, his mother placed Sassoon and his younger brother in a Jewish orphanage, where they stayed for seven years until he was 11 (when his mother remarried); she was only allowed to visit them once a month and was never allowed to take them out. He attended Essendine Road Primary School, a Christian school, before being evacuated due to WWII to Holt, Wiltshire. At the age of 17, although having been too young to serve in World War II, he became the youngest member of the 43 Group, a Jewish veterans’ underground organization. It broke up what it considered Fascist meetings in East London. The Daily Telegraph referred to him an “anti-fascist warrior-hairdresser” whose aim was to prevent Sir Oswald Mosley’s movement from spreading “messages of hatred” in the period following World War II. [Less]
1933: Shari Lewis
Born Sonia Phyllis Hurwitz, Lewis was a Jewish-American ventriloquist,puppeteer, and… [More] children’s television show host, most popular during the 1960s and 1990s. She was best known as the original puppeteer of Lamb Chop, first appearing on Hi Mom, a local morning show that aired on WRCA-TV (now WNBC-TV) in New York City. Her father, an education professor at Yeshiva University, was named New York City’s “official magician” by Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia during the Great Depression. [Less]