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From Berlin, Bartholdy was a German Jewish banker and philanthropist. He was the father of Felix Mendelssohn… [More] and Fanny Mendelssohn — and the son of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. [Less]
1891: Nelly Sachs
Sachs was a Jewish German poet and playwright whose experiences resulting from the rise of the Nazis… [More] in World War II Europe transformed her into a poignant spokeswoman for the grief and yearnings of her fellow Jews. Her best-known play is Eli: Ein Mysterienspiel vom Leiden Israels (1950); other works include the poems “Zeichen im Sand” (1962), “Verzauberung” (1970), and the collections of poetry In den Wohnungen des Todes (1947),Flucht und Verwandlung (1959), Fahrt ins Staublose (1961), and Suche nach Lebenden (1971). [Less]
1913: Morton Gould
Considered a child prodigy, Gould was a Jewish-American composer, conductor, arranger, and pianist.… [More] Gould composed Broadway scores such as Billion Dollar Baby and Arms and the Girl; film music such as Delightfully Dangerous, Cinerama Holiday, and Windjammer; music for television series such as World War One and the miniseries Holocaust; and ballet scores including Interplay, Fall River Legend, and I’m Old Fashioned. In 1995, Gould was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music for Stringmusic, a composition commissioned by the National Symphony Orchestra in recognition of the final season of director Mstislav Rostropovich. In 2005, he was honored with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. [Less]