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Bloch was a French historian who cofounded the influential Annales School of French social history. He… [More] was assimilated Alsatian Jew from an academic family in Paris who was deeply affected in his youth by the Dreyfus Affair. He fought in the trenches of the Western Front for four years (during World War I). In 1919 he became Lecturer in Medieval history at Strasbourg University and then was a professor of economic history at the Sorbonne in Paris. He was captured and shot by the Gestapo during the German occupation of France for his work in the French Resistance. He is best known for his pioneering studies “French Rural History and Feudal Society” and his posthumously-published unfinished meditation on the writing of history, “The Historian’s Craft.” [Less]
1907: Frida Kahlo
Kahlo was a Mexico City-born feminist-social activist painter who was married to another central… [More] Mexican art figure, Diego Rivera. After a serious accident left her bedridden for months as a teenager, Kahlo discovered painting; she continued to experience pain and health issues throughout her life and painted about various scenes and emotions in her life. Her themes and style infused traditional Mexican culture and native colors, and she became a symbol for Mexican folk art. Her father was from a Jewish family. [Less]
1937: Vladimir Ashkenazy
Ashkenazy is a Russian-Icelandic conductor and pianist. Since 1972 he has been a citizen ofIceland, which… [More] is his wife’s country of birth. Since 1978, he and his family have resided near Lucerne in Switzerland. He is currently Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. His father was Jewish and his mother was from a Russian Orthodox peasant family. [Less]