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To the Jews, Alexander was known as an anti-Semitic Russian leader who promulgated a decree drafting Jewish… [More] 12-year-olds into the Russian Army. In the first half of his reignm Alexander tried to introduce liberal reforms, while in the second half his conduct became much more arbitrary, which led to the revocation of many earlier reforms. In foreign policy, Alexander gained some successes, mainly by his diplomatic skills and by winning several military campaigns. In particular, Russia acquired Finland and part of Poland under his rule. His sudden death in Taganrog, under allegedly suspicious circumstances, gave rise to rumors that Alexander in fact did not die in 1825, but instead chose to disappear, living the rest of his life in anonymity. [Less]
1907: Avraham Stern
Stern was a Jewish paramilitary leader who founded and led the militant Zionist organization in… [More] August 1940, Lehi. It was known as the Stern Gang by the British colonial authorities and by their assistants in the Yishuv establishment. In 1940 and 1941, Stern’s Lehi movement sought (but failed to achieve) alliance with Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, offering to fight alongside them against the British if German authorities allow European Jews to emigrate to Palestine and establish a Jewish state. [Less]
1909: Barney Ross
Ross was a Jewish-American professional boxer. He became a world champion in three weight divisions… [More] and was a decorated veteran of World War II. [Less]