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Maximilian II was king of Bohemia and king of the Romans (king of Germany) from 1562, king of Hungary and… [More] Croatia from 1563, and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from 1564 until his death. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. The religious views of the king of Bohemia, as Maximilian had been called, had always been somewhat uncertain, and he had probably learned something of Lutheranism in his youth. Yet, his amicable relations with several Protestant princes, which began about the time that discussion over the succession began, were probably due more to political than to religious considerations. [Less]
1912: Milton Friedman
Friedman was a Jewish-American economist, statistician, and author who taught at the University of… [More] Chicago for more than three decades. He was a recipient of the Nobel Prize and is known for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy. As a leader of the Chicago school of economics, he influenced the research agenda of the economics profession. A survey of economists ranked Friedman as the second most popular economist of the twentieth century, behind John Maynard Keynes. [Less]
1919: Primo Levi
Levi was an Italian Jewish chemist and writer who had spent time fighting with the Partisans during… [More] World War II, as well as a survivor of Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland. He was the author of two novels and several collections of short stories, essays, and poems. His best-known works include If This Is a Man (1947), his account of the year he spent as a prisoner in the Auschwitz and The Periodic Table (1975), which the Royal Institution of Great Britain named the best science book ever written. [Less]