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Also known as Gaius, Caligula was Roman Emperor from 37 AD to 41 AD, when he was assassinated. He was a… [More] member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Caligula’s father Germanicus, the nephew and adopted son of Emperor Tiberius, was a very successful general and one of Rome’s most beloved public figures. The young Gaius earned the nickname Caligula (meaning “little soldier’s boot”, the diminutive form of caliga) from his father’s soldiers while accompanying him during his campaigns in Germania. Life for Jews during his reign was part of the downward spiral that would result in three Jewish rebellions over the next 100 years. Caligula believed he was divine and, for example, insisted on his statue being placed in the Temple at Jerusalem. His efforts were thwarted twice. His untimely death prevented him from taking greater vengeance against his Jewish subjects. [Less]
1879: Alma Mahler
Born Alma Maria Schindler, Alma was a Viennese-born socialite well known for her beauty, vivacity, and… [More] sexuality. She became the wife, successively, of composer Gustav Mahler, architect Walter Gropius, and novelist Franz Werfel, as well as the consort of several other prominent men. Although she was stifled from composition after her marriage to Mahler, she was the composer of at least 17 songs for voice and piano. In later years her salon became an important feature of the artistic scene, first in Vienna, then in Los Angeles. Historians note that she was born Jewish but converted to Catholicism. [Less]
1916: Daniel Schorr
Schorr, the son of Russian-Jewish immigrants, was an American journalist who covered world news for… [More] more than 60 years. He was most recently a Senior News Analyst for National Public Radio (NPR). He also won three Emmy Awards for his television journalism. He is one of the journalists who made president Richard Nixon’s infamous “Enemies List.” Schorr was also the voice of CBS news from Moscow during the highest points of the Cold War in the 1950s. [Less]