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Nordheim was a Jewish Dutch gymnast who won won the gold medal as a member of the Dutch gymnastics team… [More] at the 1928 Summer Olympics in her native Amsterdam. She died during the Holocaust. She came to Westerbork concentration camp in June 1943, but was deported to Sobibor — where she was murdered — together with her husband Abraham and their 10-year-old daughter Rebbecca. [Less]
1924: Georges Charpak
Charpak was Poland-born Jewish-French physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1992. Charpak… [More] served in the resistance and was imprisoned by Vichy authorities in 1943. In 1944 he was deported to the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau, where he remained until the camp was liberated in 1945. He was the founder of several start-ups in the biomedical arena (where he contributed greatly) and was a proponent of nuclear power. [Less]
1931: ‘Ramblin’ Jack Elliott
Born Elliot Charles Adnopoz to Jewish parents in Brooklyn, Ramblin’ Elliott is an American folk singer… [More] and performer. He ran away when he was 15-years-old and toured the south, and lived in a rodeo in Mississippi for a few months (before his parents tracked him down). He was heavily influenced by Woodie Guthrie, and he, in turn, greatly influenced Bob Dylan — whom Elliott referred to as “my son.” He has several albums and is the winner of a Grammy Award, and he is a recipient of the National Medal of Arts. [Less]