The mayors of two central cities warned Tuesday that they would not comply with the government’s plan to redistribute local tax funds to poorer municipalities.
The plan will take a percentage of property taxes collected by municipal authorities from local businesses, to be put into a fund that will go to help municipalities that have more modest commercial activity and are located farther from Israel’s center.
Critics accuse the coalition of planning to use the funds to pay for sectoral demands made by coalition partners, like subsidies to the ultra-Orthodox.
They also note that settlements in the West Bank are exempt from contributing to the fund, and that it is structured in a way that makes Arab municipalities less likely to benefit.
Givatayim Mayor Ran Kunik said he would file a petition with the High Court if the city is asked to put funds into the pot, which he said had “many legal flaws.”
“We will not transfer the money to the property tax fund. We will take this all the way,” Kunik told Radio 103FM.
Dozens of municipalities launched a strike on Monday, closing schools and suspending garbage collection and welfare services to protest the so-called Arnona Fund plan. Arnona is property tax, set and managed by each municipality.
The strike continued Tuesday, but with schools and kindergartens open.
Kunik said that the “mayors are stuck between a rock and a hard place,” with residents understanding the need to fight the plan but also having little patience for strikes.
He also pushed back against the claim that the strike was a “settling of scores” by local authorities angered over by the government’s contentious judicial overhaul.
“This [plan] has been a dream of treasury officials for a number of years. It’s not a new invention,” Kunik said. “[Finance Minister Bezalel] Smotrich simply recognized an opportunity.”
“[Smotrich] also excluded the [West Bank] settlements — how is it possible that the settlements do not need to set aside a single shekel for the property tax fund? But can they can receive from it?” Kunik charged.
The sentiment was echoed by Ramat Gan Mayor Carmel Shama-Hacohen, who was asked whether he would refuse to transfer money to the fund.
“Do you think we are sheep? If there’s a law, they can bring it to court,” he told Army Radio.
On Monday, Labor MK Gilad Kariv threatened to petition the High Court of Justice against the plan, saying it was engineered to send the majority of the funds to ultra-Orthodox communities and not to Arab towns, which also suffer from financial hardships.
Backers of the plan say it will help less wealthy municipalities incentivize residential real estate instead of business — though businesses pay more tax and are therefore currently more attractive to municipal authorities — and have put an emphasis on the fund helping to build communities far from Israel’s center.
However, detractors say that in addition to the discrimination between municipalities, it punishes communities that have already invested in attracting employers, and takes money that would otherwise be directed toward improving services, such as education and culture.
As it currently stands, the law will disproportionately affect cities with thriving business areas or industrial parks.
On Monday, Opposition Leader Yair Lapid slammed the plan as “daylight robbery” and called on the government to draw up a plan that would help all struggling communities.
National Unity leader Benny Gantz slammed it as an “outrageous injustice” that will have to be “paid for by residents of south Tel Aviv,” generally considered to be a poorer section of the wealthy municipality.
Hours later, the plan was approved in a vote of the Knesset Finance Committee after a stormy session that saw lawmakers scuffle, with a number of them forcibly removed from the meeting.
The plan will now advance alongside the budget to the Knesset floor.
Mathematics and Louis Vuitton
On Tuesday morning, dozens of reservists protested outside the Jerusalem home of Housing Minister Yitzhak Goldknopf, decrying the government decision to earmark large swaths of funds to the demands of coalition members, in addition to the so-called Arnona Fund.
The group chanted outside the United Torah Judaism leader’s home, with a banner quoting his claim last year that “mathematics does not contribute to the economy.”
The protesters also made a display of Louis Vuitton bags full of replica money.
The minister — who has been accused of using a Haredi educational network to enrich his family with public funds, and is accused of illegally dividing an apartment in his property empire into five further units — was photographed in February, apparently alongside an aide carrying a number of bags containing purchases from the luxury brand.
“The extremist government robs the public purse, scatters coalition funds to please its extortionist partners, and tries to control property tax resources,” the Brothers in Arms protest movement said in a statement. “Minister Goldknopf is the richest minister in Israel, destroying the future of his constituents, and stealing from the population he serves.”
In addition to the plan to transfer the municipal taxes, the coalition on Sunday approved NIS 13.7 billion ($3.7 billion) worth of coalition funds mainly allocated in support of ultra-Orthodox institutions and causes.
Ahead of Sunday’s cabinet vote, the Finance Ministry’s Budgets Department head Yogev Gardos warned that the allocation creates negative incentives for Haredi men to seek employment and will harm the labor market and the economy as a whole.
Furthermore, Gardos cautioned, if more Haredi men are not encouraged to work, by 2065 the government will have to increase direct taxes by 16 percent to maintain the same level of services that it provides without increasing the deficit.
Israel’s ultra-Orthodox population is expected to grow from 13.5% of the total population currently to 16% in 2030. The ultra-Orthodox population’s current growth rate of 4% is the fastest of any group in Israel, according to Central Bureau of Statistics data.
On Monday it was revealed that some of the money was additionally earmarked for a number of controversial projects including a heritage center dedicated to Rehavam “Gandhi” Ze’evi, a far-right IDF general and minister who was assassinated by Palestinian terrorists in 2001.
Ze’evi has become increasingly controversial in recent years following an investigative TV report in 2016 that aired allegations of rape and intimidation against him, with some calling to scrap the official state commemorations for him.