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Picasso, one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, is widely known for… [More] co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the collage, and a wide variety of other styles. He was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer. Originally from Spain, he spent most of his adult life in France. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. He, Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp are commonly regarded as the three artists who most defined the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics. [Less]
1895: Levi Eshkol
Eshkol was the third prime minister of Israel from 1963 until his death from a heart attack in 1969. He was… [More] the first Israeli premier to die in office. Born in Ukraine, in 1914 he left for Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire. He was a leading member of the Judea Workers’ Union from 191501917. During World War I, he volunteered with the Jewish Legion, and later joined the legendary Kibbutz Deganya Bet. Prior to and immediately after the establishment of the State of Israel, Eshkol was a member of the Haganah high command. He engaged in arms acquisition for the Haganah prior to and during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. After, Eshkol was appointed Director-General of the Ministry of Defense, serving from 1950 to 1951. [Less]
1930: Harold Brodkey
Born Aaron Roy Weintraub, Brodkey was a Jewish-American writer, and novelist. Brodkey was raised in… [More] University City, Missouri outside St. Louis. After graduating from Harvard University in 1952, Brodkey began his writing career by contributing short stories to The New Yorker and other magazines. His stories have won him two first-place O. Henry Awards. In 1993 Brodkey announced in The New Yorker that he had contracted AIDS. He later wrote This Wild Darkness about his battle with the disease. He is most famous for what was his long-awaited novel A Party of Animals, which was eventually published (some critics say only in part) as The Runaway Soul (1991). He died of complication of AIDS in New York City. [Less]