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Marx was a Prussian philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary… [More] socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime, with the most notable being “The Communist Manifesto,” and “Capital;” some of his works were co-written with his friend and fellow German revolutionary socialist, Friedrich Engels. He proposed revolution in order to bring equality to the masses. He also published the famous “On the Jewish Question” in 1843. While Marx was not considered Jewish, his ancestry was. His father converted from Judaism to Christianity and his mother was reportedly a Dutch Jew. [Less]
1910: Leo Lionni
Lionni was an author and illustrator of children’s books, and was one of the most illustrious… [More] illustrators of the twentieth century. Born in Holland, he moved to Italy and lived there before moving to the United States in 1939, where he worked as an art director for several advertising agencies, and then for Fortune magazine. He returned to Italy in 1962 and started writing and illustrating children’s books. In 1962 his book, “Inch by Inch,” was awarded the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award. He illustrated dozens of books over his successful career, some of which include: “The Garden Song,” “Matthew’s Dream,” “Mouse Days: A Book of Seasons,” and “Mr. McMouse.” Lionni’s father was a Sephardic Jew who worked in the diamond business and his mother was an opera singer. He married Nora Maffi, the daughter of the founder of the Italian Communist Party. He died in Tuscany, Italy. [Less]
1958: Ron Arad
Arad was an Israeli Air Force weapon systems officer (WSO) who is officially classified as missing in… [More] action (MIA) since October 1986. Arad was lost on a mission over Lebanon, captured by Shi’ite group Amal and was later believed to be handed over to Hezbollah. In 1987, three letters in Arad’s handwriting and two photos of a bearded Arad were received, proving Arad was alive. The Israeli government negotiated for his release, but talks failed in 1988. After that point, credible information about Arad has been hard to discover, though unsubstantiated claims of new intelligence are occasionally made. To gain further insight on his whereabouts, Israeli commandos kidnapped Hezbollah members Abdel Karim Obeid in 1989, and Mustafa Dirani in 1994. During his interrogation by military officers, Dirani reportedly disclosed that in May 1988, Arad had been turned over first to a Hezbollah unit and then to Iranian Revolutionary Guards who were in Lebanon at the time aiding Hezbollah guerrillas, where he may have been taken to Iran — something Israel has not confirmed. Karim-Obeid and Dirani were released in 2004 as part of a prisoner swap. Arad was married to Tami and was the father of a daughter, Yuval. He is widely presumed to be dead. During the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange in 2011, the son of Arad’s pilot, Yishai Aviram, was the helicopter pilot who flew Gilad Shalit home after he personally appealed to the Air Force commander. [Less]