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Chamberlain was an influential British politician and statesman. Unlike most major politicians of the… [More] time, he was a self-made businessman who had not attended Oxford or Cambridge. When he first met Theodor Herzl on October 23, 1902, Chamberlain expressed his sympathy for the Zionist cause. It was Chamberlain who offered Herzl the major breakthrough known as the Uganda Plan — a territory in East Africa — that ultimately did not come to fruition after the Zionists and settlers in East Africa rejected the plan. [Less]
1872: Aaron Gumbinsky, aka Harry Von Tilzer
Von Tilzer was a popular Jewish-American songwriter. He ran away and joined a traveling circus at… [More] age 14, where he took his new name by adding ‘Von’ to his mother’s maiden name ‘Tilzer’. He soon proved successful playing piano and calliope and writing new tunes and incidental music for the shows, particularly for Burlesque and Vaudeville shows. He was made a partner of the Shapiro Bernstein Publishing Company. His 1900 number “A Bird in a Gilded Cage” became one of the biggest hits of the age. He also became one of the best known Tin Pan Alley songwriters. Some of his most famous hits include “A Bird in a Gilded Cage”, “Cubanola Glide”, “Wait ‘Til The Sun Shines Nellie”, “Old King Tut”, “All Alone”, “Mariutch”, “The Ragtime Goblin Man,” “I Love My Wife, But Oh You Kid!”, “They Always Pick On Me”, and “I Want A Girl (Just Like The Girl That Married Dear Old Dad).” [Less]
1899: David E. Lilienthal
Lilienthal is a famous public official who was the first person to chair the US Atomic Energy… [More] Commission. Prior to that, he led the Tennessee Valley Authority. He was co-author, with Dean Acheson who became Secretary of State, of the 1946 Report on the International Control of Atomic Energy which outlined possible methods for international control of nuclear weapons. Lilienthal was born to Jewish immigrant parents. [Less]