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Weber was a German sociologist and political economist who profoundly influenced social theory, social… [More] research, and sociology. Weber’s main intellectual ideas surrounded the processes of rationalization, secularization, and disenchantment that he associated with the rise of capitalism and modernity. He argued that the way people thought about the world was more important than what they produced. He wrote about the Protestant Ethic and was very interested in the contemporary “Jewish Question,” like Karl Marx was. After World War I, he was among the founders of the liberal German Democratic Party. [Less]
1915: Emanuel Vardi
Vardi was an Israeli-American violist, was considered to have been one of the great viola players of the… [More] 20th century. Born in Jerusalem, the family moved to the United States via Paris, France aboard a ship to escape pogroms in the Middle East. In 1942, Vardi received the “Recitalist of the Year” award from the New York music critics for the best New York recital following his Town Hall debut. He also had the distinction of performing a solo recital at the White House for President Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II. He was one of two violists in the world to have ever given a solo recital in Carnegie Hall. [Less]
1918: Stephen Theodore Norman
Born in Vienna, Captain Norman was the last descendent (and only grandchild) of Theodor Herzl, the… [More] founder of political Zionism and the State of Israel. Captain Norman served under the British as a Captain in the Royal Artillery during World War II. He died tragically in Washington, D.C., in 1946 — having been barred by the British from returning to Palestine because he was a Herzl. In December 2007, Captain Norman was reburied in Mount Herzl in Jerusalem, Israel with his family. [Less]