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Solomon was the influential leader of Cape Colony’s Liberal Party. (The Cape Colony, part of modern… [More] South Africa, was established by the Dutch East India Company in 1652, with the founding of Cape Town.) A tireless defender of racial and religious equality, Solomon was an important member of the movement for responsible government. Although he was from a Jewish background, Solomon was openly secular in outlook, declaring himself to be a liberal in politics and a voluntary in religion. In the first Cape parliament in 1854, he presented his “Voluntary bill” (intended to end government subsidies to churches, and to ensure equal treatment of all beliefs) but it was turned down. Solomon was born on the Atlantic island of St Helena [Less]
1921: Hal David
David is a Jewish-American lyricist who is best known for his collaborations with composer Burt… [More] Bacharach. The duo’s film work includes the Oscar-nominated title songs for “What’s New Pussycat?” and “Alfie,” “The Look of Love,” from “Casino Royale.” and the Oscar-winning “Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head,” from “Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.” In addition, “Don’t Make Me Over,” “(They Long to Be) Close to You,” and “Walk On By,” have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. He also wrote many country music hits, including Willie Nelson’s “To All The Girls I’ve Loved Before.” [Less]
1921: Jack Steinberger
Steinberger is a Jewish German-born American physicist currently residing near Geneva, Switzerland. He… [More] co-discovered the muon neutrino, along with Leon Lederman and Melvin Schwartz, for which they were given the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics. Steinberger emigrated to the United States at the age of 13, making the trans-Atlantic trip with his brother Herbert. Barnett Farroll cared for him as a foster child, the connection was made by Jewish charities in the United States. During this period, Steinberger attended New Trier Township High School, in Winnetka, Illinois. He has said this about his escape to the US: “In 1934, the American Jewish charities offered to find homes for 300 German refugee children. We were on the SS Washington, bound for New York, by Christmas 1934.” [Less]