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Born Eric Arthur Blair, Orwell was a famous English novelist and journalist. His work was marked by an… [More] awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and belief in democratic socialism. He is the author of “Animal Farm.” His other most famous work is likely “1984,” which depicts an invasive totalitarian regime under which people are constantly monitored and stripped of individual liberties. A lesser known work is his essay “Anti-Semitism in Britain.” First published in 1945, the short article examined the conditions of the Jews in Britain and called for an examination of the causes of anti-Semitism as WWII came to an end. [Less]
1920: William Prusoff
Prusoff was a Jewish pharmacologist who pioneered AIDS medicine. He who was an early innovator in antiviral… [More] drugs — developing idoxuridine, the first antiviral agent approved by the FDA, in the 1950s, and co-developing (with Tai-shun Lin) stavudine, one of the earliest AIDS drugs, in the mid-1980s. [Less]
1924: Sidney Lumet
Lumet was a prolific Jewish-American director, producer and screenwriter with over 50 films to his credit. He… [More] was nominated for the Academy Award as Best Director for “12 Angry Men” (1957), “Dog Day Afternoon” (1975), “Network” (1976) and “The Verdict” (1982). Like Woody Allen and other Jewish directors, he incorporated Jewish themes and fiction into his works. [Less]