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Monash was a civil engineer who became the Australian military commander in World War I. He… [More] commanded the 13th Infantry Brigade before the war and then became commander of the 4th Brigade in Egypt shortly after the outbreak of the war, in which he took part in the Gallipoli campaign (the operation to capture Istanbul from the Ottomans by the British and French). As a civil engineer, Monash played a major role in introducing reinforced concrete to Australian engineering practice. His parents were German Jews, and he was born in Australia. [Less]
1869: Emma Goldman
Emma Goldman was an anarchist and political thinker who greatly influenced the debate on… [More] women’s rights and power in the United States. Born in the Jewish region of Kovno in present-day Lithuania, Goldman was a radical free thinker and an avowed atheist. She became a writer and a renowned lecturer on anarchist philosophy, women’s rights, and social issues, attracting crowds of thousands. Goldman became attracted to anarchism after the Haymarket affair. She and anarchist writer Alexander Berkman, her lover and lifelong friend, planned to assassinate industrialist and financier Henry Clay Frick as an act of propaganda of the deed. Although Frick survived the attempt on his life, Berkman was sentenced to 22 years in prison. Goldman was imprisoned several times in the years that followed for inciting to riot and illegally distributing information about birth control. In 1906, Goldman founded the anarchist journal Mother Earth. [Less]
1931: Charles Bronfman
Bronfman is a Jewish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist. He and Michael Steinhardt co-founded the… [More] Zionist charity Taglit (“Birthright”), a program which provides a free, educational travel experience to Israel for young Jewish adults. Bronfman is one of its principal donors. He is also responsible for the Charles Bronfman Prize, honoring individuals for their humanitarian contributions, as well as other philanthropic programs. With an estimated net worth of $US 2.0 billion (as of March 2011), Bronfman was ranked by Forbes as the 15th wealthiest Canadian and 595th in the world. His fortune comes from, Seagram Company Ltd. the family liquor business. He was also the majority owner of the Montreal Expos franchise in Major League Baseball from the team’s formation in 1968 until 1990. [Less]