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Adler was an American actress, known as the “First Lady of the Yiddish Theater.” Knownfor her… [More] work in Yiddish theater, where she was associated with the Yiddish Art Theater movement of the 1920s and 1930s, she also gave one of the first theatrical portrayals of a Holocaust survivor, in Luther Adler’s 1946 Broadway production of A Flag Is Born (written by Ben Hecht and featuring a 22-year-old Marlon Brando, Stella Adler’s prize pupil in method acting). Adler, along with co-stars Paul Muni and Marlon Brando, refused to accept compensation above the Actor’s Equity minimum wage because of her commitment to the cause of creating a Jewish State in Israel. [Less]
1896: Ira Gershwin
Gershwin was a Jewish-American lyricist who collaborated with his younger brother, composer George… [More] Gershwin, to create some of the most memorable songs of the 20th century. With George he wrote more than a dozen Broadway shows, featuring songs such as “I Got Rhythm”, “Embraceable You”, “The Man I Love” and “Someone to Watch Over Me”. He was also responsible, along withDuBose Heyward, for the libretto to George’s opera Porgy and Bess. His mastery of songwriting continued after the early death of George. He wrote additional hit songs with composers Jerome Kern (“Long Ago (and Far Away)”), Kurt Weill and Harold Arlen. [Less]
1898: Alfred Eisenstaedt
Considered the father of photojournalism, Eisenstaedt was a German-born Jewish-American… [More] photographer and photojournalist. He is best known for his photograph of the V-J Day celebration and for his candid photographs, frequently made using a 35mm Leica camera. Eisenstaedt successfully became a full-time photographer in 1929. Four years later he photographed a meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Italy. Other notable, early pictures by Eisenstaedt include his depiction of a waiter at the ice rink of the Grand Hotel in St. Moritz in 1932 and Joseph Goebbels at the League of Nations in Geneva in 1933. (Although initially friendly, Goebbels scowled for the photograph when he learned that Eisenstaedt was Jewish.) [Less]