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Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. He was a lawyer and… [More] politician, and as such he defended the abolition of slavery and of the death penalty, he supported equality of rights, universal suffrage and the establishment of a republic. He was influenced by the Enlightenment, and was a capable articulator of the beliefs of the left-wing bourgeoisie. In the early days of the revolution, he spoke eloquently on behalf of equal rights for the Jews [Less]
1856: Sigmund Freud
Freud was an Austrian neurologis who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis. He developed… [More] ground-breaking theories about the unconscious mind and the mechanism of repression, and established the field of verbal psychotherapy by creating psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud’s family and ancestry were Jewish. [Less]
1902: Max Ophüls
Ophüls was an influential German-born film director. The son of a Jewish textile manufacturer, he… [More] worked in Germany, the United States, and France. He fled to France in 1933 after the Reichstag fire in Germany. He made nearly 30 films throughout his life. Some of his most famous works are: “La Ronde” (1950), “Le Plaisir” (1952), “The Earrings of Madame de… “(1953), and “Lola Montès” (1955). His works feature his distinctive smooth camera movements and tracking shots and he was known as a very innovative cinematographer for his time. [Less]