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Born Temujin, Genghis Khan was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the… [More] largest contiguous empire in history after his death. [Less]
1912: Henry M. ‘Scoop’ Jackson
Jackson was a US Congressman and Senator from the state of Washington from 1941 until his death. His… [More] political philosophies, that of a Cold War anti-Communist Democrat, have been cited as an influence on a number of key figures associated with neoconservatism, including Paul Wolfowitz and Richard Perle. The Henry Jackson Society is named in his honor. He was also an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1972 and 1976. Jackson raised his national profile by speaking out on Soviet-U.S. relations and Middle East policy regularly, and was considered a front-runner for the nomination when he announced the start of his campaign. He received substantial financial support from Jewish-Americans who admired his pro-Israel views, but his support of the Vietnam War resulted in hostility from the left wing of the Democratic Party. [Less]
1925: Julian Beck
Beck was a Jewish Manhattan-born American actor, director, poet, and painter. He was an Abstract… [More] Expressionist painter in the 1940s, but his career turned upon meeting his future wife. In 1943, he met Judith Malina and quickly came to share her passion for theatre; they founded The Living Theatre in 1947. [Less]