A proposed pipeline to deliver natural gas from deposits in the Eastern Mediterranean to European markets is too expensive, not economically viable and will take too long to help countries seeking alternatives to Russian gas any time soon, a senior US diplomat said Thursday.
US Under Secretary of State Victoria Nuland said after talks with Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades that countries in the region have understood that dependence on Russian oil and gas is “an extremely bad bet” following its invasion of Ukraine.
But she said the proposed EastMed pipeline project wouldn’t be able to immediately deliver the gas Europe now needs to swiftly wean itself off Russian energy because it would run in very deep water and construction would take more than a decade.
“And frankly, we don’t have 10 years, but in 10 years from now, we want to be far, far more green and far more diverse” in energy sources, Nuland said. “So what we’re looking for within the hydrocarbon context are options that can get us more gas, more oil for this short transition period.”
Nuland’s comments came a couple of days after she met in Athens with Israel’s Foreign Minister Yair Lapid and the top diplomats from Greece and Cyprus.
After the meeting, she tweeted: “The United States strongly supports 3+1 – Greece, Israel, Cyprus, + U.S. – cooperation.”
Thank you, Foreign Ministers ???????? @NikosDendias, ???????? @yairlapid, and ???????? @IKasoulides, for letting me crash your trilateral lunch. The United States strongly supports 3+1 – Greece, Israel, Cyprus, + U.S. – cooperation. https://t.co/JuPIgvOcox
— Under Secretary Victoria Nuland (@UnderSecStateP) April 5, 2022
Israel had partnered with Greece and Cyprus to build a gas pipeline from the Eastern Mediterranean, but the project has largely stalled since the US pulled support in January. Turkey, which was excluded from the project, had staked its own claims to offshore gas reserves, raising regional tensions.
The idea for the 1,900-kilometer (1,300-mile), $6 billion pipeline to send natural gas — which is used to heat homes, generate electricity and keep industry churning — from recently discovered deposits off Israel and Cyprus was spawned several years ago between European Union members Greece and Cyprus, whose leaders signed a deal in 2020 to proceed with its planning.
Nuland’s remarks appear to effectively shelve the project. Nuland said the US and regional partners including Israel, Greece, Cyprus and Turkey are looking for alternative ways to get gas to markets.
One project that has US backing is an electric cable linking Israel and Cyprus to the European continent.
Cyprus Energy Minister Natasa Pilides told The Associated Press last October that transferring gas by pipeline to Egyptian processing plants where it would be liquefied for export aboard ships is the “most likely option” to quickly get gas to mainland Europe.
The head of ExxonMobil’s Cyprus arm, Varnavas Theodossiou, told the AP in February that natural gas will remain an important energy source through 2050 and quantities found off Cyprus could reach markets through a pipeline or by liquefying it for transport by ship.
ExxonMobil and partner Qatar Petroleum are licensed to carry out exploratory drilling in two of 13 areas — known as blocks — inside Cyprus’ exclusive economic zone off the island nation’s southern coastline. ExxonMobil has discovered one deposit estimated to contain 5-8 trillion cubic feet of gas.
A consortium made up of France’s TotalEnergies and Italy’s Eni have been granted exploration licenses for seven blocks and have made one significant discovery.
Chevron and partner Shell are licensed for one block, where a confirmed well is estimated to hold 4.1 trillion cubic feet of gas.