King Abdullah II asked Prime Minister Hani al-Mulki to report to the royal palace Monday, Jordanian media reported Sunday night, raising speculation he might be fired.
Unconfirmed reports in the Al Ghad newspaper, Roya TV and the Ammon News website said Mulki is likely to quit as protests of the government’s austerity plans sweep the nation.
Thousands of Jordanians protested against the planned tax increases for a fourth straight day Sunday, marching toward the office of the prime minister and demanding his resignation.
Demonstrations against the tax plan have filled streets across Jordan in recent days in the largest anti-government protests in several years. In some areas, protesters have burned tires and clashed with police.
Western allies of the kingdom view any signs of social unrest with concern. Jordan is seen as an island of relative stability in a turbulent region and plays a key role in the international fight against Islamists.
In the Jordanian capital of Amman, protesters marched toward Mulki’s downtown office Sunday, scuffling with riot police who tried to keep them back.
“Game over, government of thieves,” the crowd chanted. Others shouted, “The Jordanian citizen is not an ATM machine.”
Jordan’s government is under pressure from the International Monetary Fund to carry out economic reforms and austerity measures to get growing public debt under control. The pro-Western kingdom has experienced an economic downturn, coupled with rising unemployment, in part because of prolonged conflict in neighboring Syria and Iraq and a large influx of refugees several years ago.
Many Jordanians feel they are being squeezed financially by a government they perceive as corrupt and say they are not getting services for the taxes they are asked to pay. The planned tax rise was preceded by a series of price increases, most recently for fuel.
Protest organizers urged the king to cancel the tax plan, saying the poor are being targeted disproportionately. More than a dozen unions and professional associations with a half million members plan a one-day strike Wednesday to press those demands.
“The government dealt with the people, who are going through severe economic hardship, as the main source of revenues and didn’t think of other sources like improving the economy, such as creating jobs and attracting investors,” said analyst Nidal Mansour.
Jordan’s king has the final say in all policy matters, but positions himself as being above the political fray. He frequently reshuffles or disbands governments as a way of defusing public anger.
Earlier this week, he suspended a fuel price increase during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, which ends in mid-June. He was also quoted as saying that ordinary Jordanians can’t be expected to bear the entire burden of economic reforms.