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Scholem was a German-born Israeli Jewish philosopher and historian who’s widely regarded as the… [More] founder of the modern, academic study of Kabbalah, becoming the first Professor of Jewish Mysticism at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Scholem is best known for his collection of lectures, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (1941) and for his biography Sabbatai Zevi, the Mystical Messiah (1973). His collected speeches and essays, published as On Kabbalah and its Symbolism (1965), also helped to spread knowledge of Jewish mysticism among non-Jews. His close friends included the philosophers Walter Benjamin and Leo Strauss, and selected letters from his correspondence with them have also been published. [Less]
1905: Otto Preminger
Preminger was a Jewish, Austro–Hungarian-American theater and film director.
After moving from… [More] the theatre to Hollywood, he directed over 35 feature films in a five-decade career. He rose to prominence for stylish film noir mysteries such as Laura (1944) and Fallen Angel (1945). In the 1950s and 1960s, he directed a number of high-profile adaptations of popular novels and stage works, several of which pushed the boundaries of censorship by dealing with topics which were then taboo in Hollywood, such as drug addiction (The Man with the Golden Arm, 1955), rape (Anatomy of a Murder, 1959) and homosexuality (Advise & Consent, 1962). He was twice nominated for the Best Director Academy Award. [Less]
1911: Władysław Szpilman
Szpilman was a Polish-Jewish pianist, composer and memoirist who is widely known as the protagonist of the 2002… [More] Roman Polanski film “The Pianist,” portrayed by Adrien Brody, which is based on his memoir of the same name recounting his survival of the German occupation of Warsaw and the Holocaust. In November 1998 Szpilman was honored by the president of Poland with a Commander’s Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta. [Less]