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Rosenberg was a Jewish-English poet from the First World War. His Poems from the Trenches are recognized as… [More] some of the most outstanding written during the First World War. Some critics consider his poem, Break of Day in the Trenches, to be the best war poem ever written. He died at the age of 27 while serving on the Western Front. [Less]
1902: Morris Lapidus
Born in Odessa, Lapidus was the Jewish architect of Neo-baroque Miami Modern hotels that have since come to… [More] define the 1950s resort-hotel style synonymous with Miami and Miami Beach. He is most famously associated with the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami. [Less]
1910: Leon Poliakov
Poliakov was a Jewish historian who wrote extensively on the Holocaust and anti-Semitism. Born into a… [More] Russian Jewish family, Poliakov lived in Italy and Germany until he settled in France. He co-founded the Centre de documentation juive contemporaine, established to collate documentation relating to the persecution of Jews during World War II. According to historian Jos Sanchez, Poliakov was the first scholar to critically assess the disposition of Pope Pius XII toward various issues connected to the Holocaust. In November 1950, Poliakov wrote “The Vatican and the ‘Jewish Question’ – The Record of the Hitler Period-And After” in the Jewish journal Commentary. While this article was the first to consider the attitude of the papacy during World War II and the Holocaust, it was not until 1963, when German playwright Rolf Hochhuth published his play Der Stellvertreter that discussion of Poliakov’s initial investigations in this area took on worldwide significance. [Less]