ISRAEL AT WAR - DAY 145

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Israel marks one month since Hamas massacre with vigils, memorials, protests

In Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Eilat and across the country, citizens gather to mourn Oct. 7 atrocities as nation grapples with the worst attack in its history

Amy Spiro is a reporter and writer with The Times of Israel

  • This aerial view shows people attending a candle-lit vigil for at Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv on November 7, 2023, marking one month since the Hamas massacre. (Jack Guez/AFP)
    This aerial view shows people attending a candle-lit vigil for at Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv on November 7, 2023, marking one month since the Hamas massacre. (Jack Guez/AFP)
  • A child looks on as people stand before small teddy bears placed at a sit-in demanding government action for the hostages, outside the Kirya military headquarters in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (JACK GUEZ / AFP)
    A child looks on as people stand before small teddy bears placed at a sit-in demanding government action for the hostages, outside the Kirya military headquarters in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (JACK GUEZ / AFP)
  • People demonstrate against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government outside the Knesset in Jerusalem, Nov. 7, 2023. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
    People demonstrate against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government outside the Knesset in Jerusalem, Nov. 7, 2023. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
  • People pray the for the victims of Hamas's October 7 onslaught, at the Western Wall in Jerusalem's Old City, November 7, 2023. (Chaim Goldberg/Flash90)
    People pray the for the victims of Hamas's October 7 onslaught, at the Western Wall in Jerusalem's Old City, November 7, 2023. (Chaim Goldberg/Flash90)
  • The 'Empty Beds' installation consisting of 241 beds representing the number of hostages taken by Hamas on October 7, at Habima Square in Tel Aviv on November 7, 2023. (Jack GUEZ / AFP)
    The 'Empty Beds' installation consisting of 241 beds representing the number of hostages taken by Hamas on October 7, at Habima Square in Tel Aviv on November 7, 2023. (Jack GUEZ / AFP)
  • Israelis gather and light candles to mark one month since Hamas murdered and kidnapped Israelis, at Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)
    Israelis gather and light candles to mark one month since Hamas murdered and kidnapped Israelis, at Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Marking one month since the worst attack in the history of the Jewish state, Israelis across the country took part in vigils, memorial gatherings, prayers and protests as the nation continues to grapple with the devastating massacre.

Around 1,400 people were murdered in southern Israel after Hamas terrorists stormed across the border in the early hours of October 7, rampaged through communities near Gaza and mowed down partygoers at a music festival, also taking at least 245 people captive.

As the nation mourns its losses, many families still do not have closure, with the bodies of only 736 civilians and 348 members of security forces cleared for burial as of Monday.

Authorities say that another 100 bodies have been identified, and further remains are in the process of being identified, while dozens of Israelis are still considered “missing,” without any confirmation from the IDF that they are captive.

In Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and around the country, mourners gathered to mark the somber anniversary, with large commemorations held in Eilat and the Dead Sea, where many of the survivors from the hardest-hit towns and kibbutzim have been staying since they were rescued.

Throughout the day, many locales, including the Knesset, held moments of silence to memorialize the dead.

Israelis attend a prayer vigil for those killed and abducted by Hamas on the one-month anniversary of the October 7 massacre, at the Western Wall on November 7, 2023. (Chaim Goldberg/Flash90)

A large vigil was held at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, praying for the release of the hostages and commemorating those whose lives were brutally cut short.

Attendees prayed, cried and sang as they gathered at the holy site in the Old City of the capital, lighting a “torch of life” as a memorial.

People demonstrate against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s government outside the Knesset in Jerusalem, Nov. 7, 2023. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

Commemorations were also held outside the Knesset, with some also using the occasion to protest against the government led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and demand his and its resignation.

Maoz Yinon, whose parents Bilha and Yaakov were killed in Netiv Ha’asara, took the stage at the brief event and vowed to sit in a tent outside the Knesset until the government falls: “I call on all of Israel to come and be with us, to join us on the journey of building new hope and equality.”

Israelis gather and light candles to mark one month since Hamas murdered and kidnapped Israelis, at Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

At Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv, people lit candles and left photos of their killed and captive loved ones in a somber vigil.

At Habima Square in the city, thousands gathered to mark the occasion, standing around an installation of hundreds of beds and cribs symbolizing the hostages, watching a ceremony screened on the outer wall of the national theater.

A child looks on as people stand before small teddy bears placed at a sit-in demanding government action for the hostages, outside the Kirya military headquarters in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (Jack Guez/AFP)

Outside the Kirya military headquarters in Tel Aviv, demonstrators used stuffed animals and dolls to represent the captives, as protesters demanded government action to bring their loved ones home.

Candles are lit during a ceremony in Ramat Hasharon to mark one month since Hamas’s October 7 onslaught, November 7, 2023. (Ido Meirovich)

In practically every city nationwide, residents gathered to mark the solemn date, as Israel continues to wage its challenging battle against Hamas in Gaza.

All the national TV networks also aired special programming marking a month since the massacre.

Israelis gather and light candles in memory of the victims of Hamas’s October 7 onslaught, at Dizengoff Square in Tel Aviv, November 7, 2023. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Thousands gathered in the southernmost city of Eilat, which has seen its ranks swell with an enormous influx of evacuees, for a ceremony that included the recitation of the Yizkor prayer, the singing of “Hatikvah,” the national anthem, the lighting of a memorial torch and lowering the flag to half-mast.

Jessica Steinberg and AFP contributed to this report.

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