AFP — One evening in January 2021, Arafe Rajabi, exasperated by yet another night of roaring cars below his window in an East Jerusalem Palestinian suburb, went downstairs to complain.
Fifteen minutes later, he was shot dead, another victim of the chaos in his Kafr Aqab neighborhood, a no-man’s land which is increasingly turning into a local version of the Wild West.
Located around 10 kilometers (six miles) from the center of Jerusalem, the town is among a handful of locations with a unique status in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Israel considers Kafr Aqab part of Jerusalem, which it fully controls after annexing the east of the city after capturing it from Jordan in the 1967 Six Day War. But to get there you need to cross an Israeli military checkpoint and pass a concrete wall several meters high that separates Jerusalem from the West Bank.
Tens of thousands of people live in the five-square-kilometer (two-square-mile) area, which lies behind the security barrier Israel began erecting in 2002 to protect it from deadly Palestinian attacks.
Neither the Jerusalem municipality nor Israel’s Interior Ministry could provide an updated number of Kafr Aqab’s residents.
Most residents have Israeli residency and pay their taxes to the Israeli-controlled municipality, allowing them to work in Israel.
But another part of the neighborhood is under the Palestinian Authority’s jurisdiction, with Ramallah-based security forces prohibited from operating on the Israeli side.
The Israeli police rarely venture into Kafr Aqab, and the lack of patrols creates the ideal conditions for crime, arms trading, and drug trafficking, residents say.
“There are non-stop gunshots, there is no authority, no police, no law,” sighed Imane Rajabi, 37, who has been raising her four children alone since her husband, Arafe, was shot dead by residents armed with M16s.
“It’s a jungle, and you don’t know who to complain to,” she continued, saying it took Israeli police several days to act following her husband’s death.
Contacted by AFP, Israeli police said “several suspects were arrested and indictments were filed to court” over the killing.
The police “constantly take action all over Jerusalem, including in the eastern and northern neighborhoods of the city and in Kafr Aqab,” they said in a statement.
But about 10 residents interviewed by AFP described a non-existent Israeli police presence and the near-total absence of municipal services.
Besides a few Hebrew signs here and there, there was no indication of Israeli jurisdiction and Kafr Aqab, which continues to expand, seems to have been increasingly separated from Jerusalem and incorporated into the sprawling metropolis of Ramallah.
In 2017, then-minister for Jerusalem affairs Ze’ev Elkin acknowledged the route taken by the Israeli barrier had been an “error” that had turned Kafr Aqab into a “lawless” zone.
Bullet casings are strewn on the ground in the corner of an alley, and trash nobody bothers to collect can be found everywhere.
On the main street, it is not uncommon to see vehicles driving in the wrong direction and motorcycles performing wheelies and stunts. Colorful billboards assail passers-by, and buildings sprout up without any regard to planning rules.
“The place is up in the air, it doesn’t really belong to Israel or the Palestinian Authority,” said Ziyad Shahade, whose money exchange office overlooks the chaotic main road, with its incessant traffic jams and horns.
The Jerusalem municipality told AFP that “despite the many challenges created by the erection of the security barrier,” it was “doing everything in its power to provide [Kafr Aqab] inhabitants with all the services they needed and were entitled to.”
In reality, “the further away you move to the city center in the direction of Ramallah the lower the level of services,” said Daniel Seidemann, an Israeli lawyer and Jerusalem expert.
“When you get to the wall,” he said, “the level of municipal services collapses.”
The Palestinian Authority said it provided municipal services, but was unable to make up for Israeli shortcomings.
According to Seidemann, when Israel captured East Jerusalem, it decided to include Kafr Aqab in the city’s boundaries since it was sparsely populated and near an airport it wanted to use.
But the airport ceased activity in 2001 amid the deadly violence of the Second Intifada, or Palestinian uprising, and the construction of the Israeli barrier was a move to “get rid” of Kafr Aqab by leaving it on the Palestinian side, according to the founder of the Israeli anti-settlement NGO Ir Amim.
Israeli authorities have already considered removing Kafr Aqab from Jerusalem’s municipal boundaries.
But any such change in the city’s limits would be seen as a potential segue to the division of Jerusalem, a red line for Israeli politicians, who consider the Holy City “the eternal and indivisible capital” of the Jewish state.
Imane Rajabi says she has paid a heavy price for this nebulous status quo.
Up to 20 years ago, Kafr Aqab was a place “without violence,” and “without gunshots all day long.”
Now, she’s considering leaving the neighborhood with her children.
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