The European Union’s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said Friday that a renewed deal with Iran on curtailing its nuclear program remained “possible” as talks in Vienna advance in a “better atmosphere.”
“We’re arriving at the end of a long process… there’s a better atmosphere since Christmas — before Christmas I was very pessimistic. Today I believe reaching an accord is possible,” he said after an informal meeting of EU foreign ministers.
He said a final deal could be concluded “in the coming weeks.”
“I still maintain the hope that it would be possible to remake this agreement and have it function as it did before the American withdrawal,” he added.
His comments came as Russia also said Friday it was cautiously optimistic over “progress” made at negotiations.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said during a press conference he was “optimistic” about the direction of talks.
“There’s real progress. There’s real desire — primarily between Iran and the United States — to understand specific concerns and how these concerns can be considered in the general package” of documents, Lavrov said.
Iran’s foreign ministry spokesman echoed that sentiment earlier this week, saying that efforts by “all parties” to revive the 2015 nuclear agreement with world powers had resulted in “good progress” during the Vienna talks.
But Borrell spoke alongside French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, who reiterated his view that the talks are progressing “much too slowly to be able to reach a result.”
“We now have to conclude and come to a decision: Either the Iranians want to complete this, in which case we have the impression that there will be flexibility in the Americans’ stance.
“Or they don’t want to complete this, and in that case we will be faced with a major proliferation crisis,” Le Drian said. “There will be nothing more to negotiate if nothing happens.”
And US Secretary of State Antony Blinken warned Thursday that there were only “a few weeks left” to save the nuclear deal, and the United States was ready to look at “other options” if negotiations fail.
“We’re very, very short on time,” because “Iran is getting closer and closer to the point where they could produce on very, very short order enough fissile material for a nuclear weapon,” he said.
Negotiations to salvage the nuclear deal resumed in late November after they were suspended in June as Iran elected a new, ultra-conservative government.
The 2015 deal — agreed by Iran, the US, China, Russia, Britain, France and Germany — offered Tehran sanctions relief in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program to ensure it would not develop atomic weapons.
But then-US president Donald Trump withdrew the US in 2018 and reimposed biting sanctions, prompting Tehran to begin rolling back on its commitments.