Merkel warns US pullout from Syria risks boosting Iran, Russia
German chancellor plays down differences with Trump administration over nuclear deal, calls accord an ‘anchor’ allowing pressure on Tehran
MUNICH — German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned Saturday that Washington’s plan to swiftly pull its soldiers out of Syria risks allowing Russia and Iran to boost their role in the region.
Islamic State jihadists have been boxed in to a scrap of land in the battle for their last remaining territory in northeastern Syria and their final defeat is expected imminently.
Once they are defeated, US forces are set to soon withdraw after President Donald Trump in December announced the pullout of around 2,000 troops.
But Washington is struggling to convince allies to stay on in Syria after it leaves and Merkel warned of the risks of leaving a vacuum in the region.
“Is it a good idea for the Americans to suddenly and quickly withdraw from Syria? Or will it once more strengthen the capacity of Iran and Russia to exert their influence?” Merkel said at the Munich Security Conference.
US Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan on Friday pledged ongoing backing for the fight against IS — but kept allies guessing as to how that would be achieved once American forces pull out, and won no solid pledges of support.
Belgian Foreign Minister Didier Reynders said the US had told partners in the global anti-IS coalition that its soldiers would leave in “weeks rather than months.”
The decision has stunned allies including France, which contributes artillery and about 1,200 forces in the region, including soldiers who train Iraqi troops.
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian asked why the US would create a vacuum in Syria that could benefit its enemy Iran, calling the approach a “mystery.”
A French government source told AFP it was “totally out of the question” to have French troops on the ground without US forces.
In her remarks, Merkel also defended European powers’ decision to stand by the Iran nuclear deal, describing it as an “anchor” allowing the West to exert pressure.
US Vice President Mike Pence earlier this week accused Germany, France and Britain of trying to “break” American sanctions on Iran and called on them to follow Washington in pulling out of the nuclear deal.
Merkel said the split over Iran “depresses me very much,” but downplayed the substance of the differences.
She said: “I see the ballistic missile program, I see Iran in Yemen and above all I see Iran in Syria.”
But “the only question that stands between us on this issue is, do we help our common cause, our common aim of containing the damaging or difficult development of Iran, by withdrawing from the one remaining agreement? Or do we help it more by keeping the small anchor we have in order maybe to exert pressure in other areas?”