More than 100 killed in Beirut port blast, Lebanese Red Cross says
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85% of country's grain supply believed destroyed

More than 100 killed in Beirut port blast, Lebanese Red Cross says

Humanitarian group estimates over 4,000 injured, says toll could rise as rescue operations continue in devastated neighborhoods

  • A view shows the aftermath of the previous day's blast at the port of Lebanon's capital Beirut, on August 5, 2020. (Photo by Anwar AMRO / AFP)
    A view shows the aftermath of the previous day's blast at the port of Lebanon's capital Beirut, on August 5, 2020. (Photo by Anwar AMRO / AFP)
  • People drive past buildings and cars that were damaged in the previous day's massive explosion in the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)
    People drive past buildings and cars that were damaged in the previous day's massive explosion in the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)
  • Damage is seen after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
    Damage is seen after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • The damaged Wardieh hospital is pictured in the aftermath of the previous day's blast that tore through Lebanon's capital and resulted from the ignition of a huge depot of ammonium nitrate at the port, on August 5, 2020. (Photo by STR / AFP)
    The damaged Wardieh hospital is pictured in the aftermath of the previous day's blast that tore through Lebanon's capital and resulted from the ignition of a huge depot of ammonium nitrate at the port, on August 5, 2020. (Photo by STR / AFP)
  • A wounded man sits on the ground waiting for aid at Beirut's port following a massive explosion that hit the heart of the Lebanese capital on August 4, 2020. (AFP)
    A wounded man sits on the ground waiting for aid at Beirut's port following a massive explosion that hit the heart of the Lebanese capital on August 4, 2020. (AFP)
  • A picture shows destruction at Beirut port on August 5, 2020 in the aftermath of a massive explosion in the Lebanese capital. (Photo by JOSEPH EID / AFP)
    A picture shows destruction at Beirut port on August 5, 2020 in the aftermath of a massive explosion in the Lebanese capital. (Photo by JOSEPH EID / AFP)
  • A picture shows the damages at the Electricity of Lebanon building on August 5, 2020 in the aftermath of a massive explosion in the Lebanese capital Beirut. (Photo by JOSEPH EID / AFP)
    A picture shows the damages at the Electricity of Lebanon building on August 5, 2020 in the aftermath of a massive explosion in the Lebanese capital Beirut. (Photo by JOSEPH EID / AFP)
  • Pedestrians walks past damaged historic buildings on August 5, 2020 in Beirut's Gimmayzeh district which was heavily damaged by the previous day's powerful explosion that tore through Lebanon's capital, resulting from the ignition of a huge depot of ammonium nitrate at the city's main port. (Photo by STR / AFP)
    Pedestrians walks past damaged historic buildings on August 5, 2020 in Beirut's Gimmayzeh district which was heavily damaged by the previous day's powerful explosion that tore through Lebanon's capital, resulting from the ignition of a huge depot of ammonium nitrate at the city's main port. (Photo by STR / AFP)
  • People remove debris from a damaged mosque a day after an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
    People remove debris from a damaged mosque a day after an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

BEIRUT — Residents of Beirut awoke to a scene of utter devastation on Wednesday, a day after a massive explosion at the port sent shock waves across the Lebanese capital, killing at least 100 people and wounding thousands.

Smoke was still rising from the port, where towering grain silos had been shattered. Major downtown streets were littered with debris and damaged vehicles, and building facades were blown out. At hospitals across the city people had been waiting all night for news of loved ones who had gone missing or were wounded. Others posted requests for help online.

An official with the Lebanese Red Cross said at least 100 people were killed and more than 4,000 were injured. The official, George Kettaneh, said the toll could rise further.

“Until now over 4,000 people have been injured and over 100 have lost their lives, the LRC said in a statement. “Our teams are still conducting search and rescue operations in the surrounding areas.”

It was unclear what caused the blast, which appeared to have been triggered by a fire and struck with the force of an earthquake. It was the most powerful explosion ever seen in the city, which was on the front lines of the 1975-1990 civil war and has endured conflicts with neighboring Israel and periodic bombings and terror attacks.

“L’Apocalypse,” read the front page of Lebanon’s French L’Orient Le Jour newspaper. Another paper, al-Akhbar, had a photo of a destroyed port with the words: “The Great Collapse.”

A drone picture shows the scene of an explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (Hussein Malla/AP)

Lebanon was already on the brink of collapse amid a severe economic crisis that has ignited mass protests in recent months. Its hospitals are confronting a surge in coronavirus cases, and there were concerns the virus could spread further as people flooded into hospitals.

Interior Minister Mohammed Fahmi told a local TV station that it appeared the blast was caused by the detonation of more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate that had been stored in a warehouse at the dock ever since it was confiscated from a cargo ship in 2014.

Witnesses reported seeing an orange cloud like that which appears when toxic nitrogen dioxide gas is released after an explosion involving nitrates.

Videos showed what looked like a fire erupting nearby just before, and local TV stations reported that a fireworks warehouse was involved. The fire appeared to spread to a nearby building, triggering the explosion, sending up a mushroom cloud and generating a shock wave.

“It was a real horror show. I haven’t seen anything like that since the days of the (civil) war,” said Marwan Ramadan, who was about 500 meters from the port and was knocked off his feet by the force of the explosion.

The blast destroyed numerous apartment buildings, potentially leaving large numbers of people homeless at a time when many Lebanese have lost their jobs and seen their savings evaporate because of a currency crisis. The explosion also raises concerns about how Lebanon will continue to import nearly all of its vital goods with its main port devastated.

Police officers pass a damaged building near the scene of an explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (Bilal Hussein/AP)

There is also the issue of food security in Lebanon, a tiny country already hosting over 1 million Syrians amid that country’s years-long war.

The port’s major grain silos are run by the Lebanese Ministry of Economy and Trade. Drone footage shot Wednesday by The Associated Press showed that the blast tore open those grain silos, dumping their contents into the debris and earth thrown up by the blast. Some 80 percent of Lebanon’s wheat supply is imported, according to the US Agriculture Department.

Estimates suggest some 85% of the country’s grain was stored at the now-destroyed silos.

Lebanon’s state-run National News Agency quoted Raoul Nehme, the minister of economy and trade, as saying that all the wheat stored at the facility had been “contaminated” and couldn’t be used. However, he insisted Lebanon had enough wheat for its immediate needs. Nehme said Lebanon also would import more wheat.

A destroyed grain silo sits in rubble and debris after an explosion at the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, August 5, 2020. (Hussein Malla/AP)

The tiny Mediterranean nation’s economic crisis is rooted in decades of systemic corruption and poor governance by the political class that has been in power since the end of the civil war. Lebanese have held mass protests calling for sweeping political change since last autumn but few of their demands have been met as the economic situation has steadily worsened.

The size and scale of the Beirut explosion mirrored that of another major disaster involving ammonium nitrate.

In 1947, a ship carrying some 2,200 tons of the chemical compound caught fire in Texas City, Texas, and exploded, causing a series of subsequent blasts at nearby oil facilities and a chemical plant. That disaster killed over 575 people and wounded another 4,000.

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