UN slams ‘inhuman’ Brunei law on death by stoning for adultery, gay sex
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UN slams ‘inhuman’ Brunei law on death by stoning for adultery, gay sex

Despite outcry from celebrities including George Clooney, sultanate to implement laws this week that United Nations rights chief says impose ‘cruel’ penalties

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet at the opening day of the 40th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, February 25, 2019 (Fabrice COFFRINI / AFP)
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet at the opening day of the 40th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, February 25, 2019 (Fabrice COFFRINI / AFP)

GENEVA, Switzerland — The United Nations decried Monday new “cruel and inhuman” laws set to take effect in Brunei this week which impose death by stoning for gay sex and adultery, and amputations for theft.

“I appeal to the government to stop the entry into force of this draconian new penal code, which would mark a serious setback for human rights protections for the people of Brunei if implemented,” UN rights chief Michelle Bachelet said in a statement.

Brunei, an absolute monarchy ruled for 51 years by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, has said it will implement the new penal code starting Wednesday.

Brunei first announced the measures in 2013, but implementation has been delayed, in the face of opposition by rights groups, and as officials worked out the practical details.

Brunei’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah (L) waves from the royal chariot during a procession to mark his golden jubilee of accession to the throne in Bandar Seri Begawan on October 5, 2017. (Roslan Rahman/AFP)

The new law stipulates the death penalty for a number of offenses, including rape, adultery, sodomy, robbery and insulting or defaming the Prophet Mohammad.

It also introduces public flogging as punishment for abortion as well as amputation for theft, and criminalizes exposing Muslim children to the beliefs and practices of any religion besides Islam.

Bachelet pointed out that a wide range of UN rights experts had “expressed their concerns about the cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments contained in the Penal Code order.”

Actor George Clooney poses with the Honorary Cesar award during a photocall at the 42nd Cesar Film Awards ceremony at Salle Pleyel in Paris, February 24, 2017. This annual ceremony is presented by the French Academy of Cinema Arts and Techniques. (AP/Francois Mori)

Her comments came after a long line of politicians and celebrities, including George Clooney and Elton John, condemned the new laws and called for a boycott of hotels owned by the sultanate.

Homosexuality has long been illegal in Brunei, which practices a stricter brand of Islam than neighbors Malaysia and Indonesia, but it will now become a capital offense.

The law applies only to Muslims.

Last execution in 1957

Bachelet urged Brunei to uphold a long tradition of not applying the death penalty laws that have remained on its books. The country last carried out an execution in 1957.

She stressed that international law imposes very stringent restrictions on the use of the death penalty, which can only be applied for the crimes of murder and intentional killing, and only after all due process requirements have been met.

“In reality, no judiciary in the world can claim to be mistake-free, and evidence shows that the death penalty is disproportionately applied against people who are already vulnerable, with a high risk of miscarriages of justice,” Bachelet said.

“I urge Brunei to maintain its de facto moratorium on the use of capital punishment.”

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights also warned that the new laws could encourage violence and discrimination on the basis of gender, sexual orientation and religious affiliation.

“Any religion-based legislation must not violate human rights, including the rights of those belonging to the majority religion as well as of religious minorities and non-believers,” she said.

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