German memorial finally honors forced laborers of forgotten Nazi camp
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Annex of Dachau where 10,000 worked in 'inhumane conditions'

German memorial finally honors forced laborers of forgotten Nazi camp

At least 2,200 prisoners, many of them Hungarian Jews, died at Muehldorfer Hart and were buried on-site in a mass grave

  • Henrik Mordechai Gideon, Holocaust survivor and former prisoner at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp, gives explanations on a site map prior to the inauguration of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP/dpa/Matthias Balk)
    Henrik Mordechai Gideon, Holocaust survivor and former prisoner at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp, gives explanations on a site map prior to the inauguration of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP/dpa/Matthias Balk)
  • (L-R) Henrik Mordechai Gideon, Holocaust survivor and former prisoner at the former concentration camp Muehldorf at the Muehldorfer Hart, Hans-Jochen Vogel, former leader of the social democratic SPD party and vice-chairman of the Munich Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism, Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community Munich, Karl Freller, parliamentary group vice-leader of the conservative CSU party at the Bavarian parliament, Bavaria's culture minister Bernd Sibler and Bavaria's environment and consumer protection minister Marcel Huber cut the ribbon to inaugurate the "Waldlager" part of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)
    (L-R) Henrik Mordechai Gideon, Holocaust survivor and former prisoner at the former concentration camp Muehldorf at the Muehldorfer Hart, Hans-Jochen Vogel, former leader of the social democratic SPD party and vice-chairman of the Munich Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism, Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community Munich, Karl Freller, parliamentary group vice-leader of the conservative CSU party at the Bavarian parliament, Bavaria's culture minister Bernd Sibler and Bavaria's environment and consumer protection minister Marcel Huber cut the ribbon to inaugurate the "Waldlager" part of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)
  • Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community Munich, gives a speech during a ceremony to inaugurate a memorial site at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)
    Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community Munich, gives a speech during a ceremony to inaugurate a memorial site at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)
  • An information space which is part of the memorial site is pictured prior to the inauguration of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP/dpa/Matthias Balk)
    An information space which is part of the memorial site is pictured prior to the inauguration of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP/dpa/Matthias Balk)
  • Rabbi Shmeul Aharon Brodman prays the Kaddish during a ceremony to inaugurate a memorial site at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018.
The memorial was inaugurated at the long-forgotten site of a World War II Nazi concentration camp where forced labourers built an aircraft factory deep inside a Bavarian forest. At least 2,200 prisoners, many of them Hungarian Jews, died in the miserable conditions at the Muehldorfer Hart camp and were buried on-site in a mass grave. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)
    Rabbi Shmeul Aharon Brodman prays the Kaddish during a ceremony to inaugurate a memorial site at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. The memorial was inaugurated at the long-forgotten site of a World War II Nazi concentration camp where forced labourers built an aircraft factory deep inside a Bavarian forest. At least 2,200 prisoners, many of them Hungarian Jews, died in the miserable conditions at the Muehldorfer Hart camp and were buried on-site in a mass grave. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)

Germany on Friday inaugurated a memorial at the long-forgotten site of a World War II Nazi concentration camp where forced laborers built an aircraft factory deep inside a Bavarian forest.

At least 2,200 prisoners, many of them Hungarian Jews, died in the miserable conditions at the Muehldorfer Hart camp and were buried on-site in a mass grave.

More than 70 years after the war ended, the state of Bavaria has finally put up a memorial of standing concrete slabs with photographs and text on the site’s grim history.

A concrete path has also been laid, leading visitors through the vast area’s work camp to the mass grave.

An information space which is part of the memorial site is pictured prior to the inauguration of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP/dpa/Matthias Balk)

“I am satisfied that finally, after so many years, we can remember the suffering of these men and their deaths in the middle of the forest,” said Franz Langstein, who heads the association “For Remembrance.”

The group has fought for 20 years for the memorial to be built, he told AFP.

“Why so long? That’s a difficult question,” said Langstein. “I think it has to do with the fact that a certain generation needed time before looking back.”

Some 10,000 detainees were forced to work in “inhumane conditions” in the camp from the summer of 1944 until April 1945, according to Langstein.

Rabbi Shmeul Aharon Brodman prays the Kaddish during a ceremony to inaugurate a memorial site at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018.
The memorial was inaugurated at the long-forgotten site of a World War II Nazi concentration camp where forced labourers built an aircraft factory deep inside a Bavarian forest. At least 2,200 prisoners, many of them Hungarian Jews, died in the miserable conditions at the Muehldorfer Hart camp and were buried on-site in a mass grave. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)

Their task was to construct a factory, including a concrete bunker, where the fighter jets which would be deployed for Adolf Hitler’s planned “ultimate victory” were to be built — but the plant was never finished.

Conditions were so poor that “by the autumn of 1944, 10 to 20 people were dying each day… during winter, the number rose to 40 people,” said Langstein by the newly inaugurated concrete panels that recount the history of the camp through witness accounts and images.

“At the heart of this idyllic forest, we see what people are capable of doing to others, without any feeling and by telling themselves that ‘anyway, these are just Jews’,” said Langstein, as birds chirped.

Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community Munich, gives a speech during a ceremony to inaugurate a memorial site at the former Muehldorfer Hart concentration camp near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)

Considered as an annex of the better known Dachau camp, the site was evacuated on April 28, 1945.

After the war, a mass grave with the remains of 2,200 people was uncovered.

(L-R) Henrik Mordechai Gideon, Holocaust survivor and former prisoner at the former concentration camp Muehldorf at the Muehldorfer Hart, Hans-Jochen Vogel, former leader of the social democratic SPD party and vice-chairman of the Munich Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism, Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community Munich, Karl Freller, parliamentary group vice-leader of the conservative CSU party at the Bavarian parliament, Bavaria’s culture minister Bernd Sibler and Bavaria’s environment and consumer protection minister Marcel Huber cut the ribbon to inaugurate the “Waldlager” part of the Muehldorfer Hart camp memorial site near Waldkraiburg, southern Germany, on April 27, 2018. (AFP PHOTO / dpa / Matthias Balk)

Today, few traces of the concentration camp remain, and joggers or hikers pass through the woods with little knowledge of the site’s gruesome history.

Only partial ruins of the bunker, which was meant to have eight stories, four of them underground, are still visible.

And the trees at the site of the mass grave have all been chopped down.

“These stories of persecuted minorities, Jewish or other minorities, they are everywhere in the history of mankind,” said Langstein.

“And this memorial is here to remind us, and to remind the coming generations, that we always have to stay on our guard.”

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