Stigma hides simmering drug addiction issues in Gaza Strip
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Stigma hides simmering drug addiction issues in Gaza Strip

With high unemployment and little hope, many residents of coastal enclave increasingly turning to narcotics, painkillers

A drug addict stands behind bars at a Hamas-run prison in Gaza City on May 10, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)
A drug addict stands behind bars at a Hamas-run prison in Gaza City on May 10, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)

GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AFP) — After Umm Mazen found her husband shivering in his bed and complaining of a migraine, he confessed he was addicted to painkillers and could no longer provide for the family.

In the Gaza Strip, the tiny Palestinian territory sandwiched between Israel, Egypt and the Mediterranean and ravaged by three wars in a decade, drug abuse is often a hidden problem.

While no reliable statistics are available, experts and medical support groups estimate there are tens of thousands of drug users in Gaza.

Young men are among those most affected in a territory suffering 45 percent unemployment, rising to more than 60 percent among the youth.

Narcotics such as cannabis are sold illegally in the enclave of some two million people, but many of the most serious addicts are hooked on illicitly bought prescription medicines.

A pile of confiscated bars of hashish seized since the beginning of the year before they were burnt in Gaza City, on May 11, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)
A pile of confiscated bars of hashish seized since the beginning of the year before they were burnt in Gaza City, on May 11, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)

Gaza’s Islamist rulers Hamas, who have ruled the Strip for a decade and take a firm line on drugs, launched a fresh crackdown this year.

Hamas military courts have sentenced four Palestinians to death for drug smuggling, the first such punishments for the crime since the terror group seized the Strip in 2007.

Raids have also uncovered record hauls of drugs, particularly Tramadol — a powerful opiate-based painkiller that is widely available.

Pills (illustrative photo credit: Abed Rahim Khatib/Flash90)
Illustrative photo of pharmaceutical pills (Abed Rahim Khatib/Flash90)

Umm Mazen, a 32-year-old mother of three who refused to give her full name for fear of consequences in Gaza’s conservative society, said the drug nearly ruined her life.

Fearing a scandal, her husband refused hospital treatment.

“I warned his family and I even threatened to report it to the Hamas police,” she told AFP.

Death penalty

Iyad al-Bozum, spokesman for the Hamas-run interior ministry, told AFP there was an “organized plan to smuggle large quantities of drugs into Gaza,” saying dealers were targeting young people.

While some drugs are smuggled through the Israeli border, most enter from Gaza’s southern border with Egypt, the ministry said.

The Gaza Strip has been blockaded for more than a decade by Israel, which has fought three wars with Hamas since 2008. Israel maintains that the blockade is necessary in order to prevent weapons from falling into the hands of the terror group.

The Rafah crossing with Egypt, the only entrance to the territory not controlled by Israel, has been almost completely closed since the military ousted Egypt’s Islamist president Mohammed Morsi in 2013.

Gaza has almost no industry and suffers from a chronic lack of water and fuel.

Interviewed at a Hamas prison where he is serving seven years for drug dealing, a trafficker arrested in 2013 said he had turned to selling narcotics to make ends meet and pay for his own addiction.

“It was easy to sell them — lots of people were using them because of unemployment and the bad situation in Gaza,” he said in an interview monitored by prison guards.

A drug addict stands behind bars at a Hamas-run prison in Gaza City on May 10, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)
A drug addict stands behind bars at a Hamas-run prison in Gaza City on May 10, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)

Egyptian forces have since destroyed hundreds of cross-border tunnels and Hamas has launched a crackdown against dealers, but drugs have continued to flow into the territory.

In January, Hamas authorities announced they had seized as many drugs in one month as in the whole of 2016, with a street value of around $2 million.

They seized 1,250 packets of cannabis and 400,000 Tramadol pills in January alone, the interior ministry said.

Stigma

As a result of the crackdown, the price of a 10-pill pack of Tramadol is said to have doubled in two years to $120.

In a territory where more than two-thirds of the population rely on humanitarian aid, it is often the inability to pay that forces people to seek rehabilitation, said Sami Aweida from the Gaza Community Mental Health Program.

A pile of confiscated bars of hashish seized since the beginning of the year being burnt in Gaza City, on May 11, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)
A pile of confiscated bars of hashish seized since the beginning of the year being burnt in Gaza City, on May 11, 2017. (AFP Photo/Mohammed Abed)

Gaza has no center dedicated to treating drug addicts, making reliable figures on abuse all but impossible to obtain.

Addicts who want to get clean often avoid specialists, Aweida said.

“People prefer to do it discreetly through a liberal doctor.”

Umm Mazen did convince her husband to seek treatment, but mainly for economic reasons.

“He could not afford (Tramadol) because of the high prices,” she said.

Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.

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