Document will include 100 actions agencies can take

Biden set to unveil antisemitism strategy amid angst over how to define hatred

Cross-agency strategy will highlight IHRA definition backed by mainstream groups, but will also mention alternative standard less inclined to find anti-Israel speech antisemitic

US President Joe Biden (left) greets Rabbi Charlie Cytron-Walker during a Hanukkah holiday reception in the Grand Foyer of the White House in Washington, December 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)
US President Joe Biden (left) greets Rabbi Charlie Cytron-Walker during a Hanukkah holiday reception in the Grand Foyer of the White House in Washington, December 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

WASHINGTON (JTA) — US President Joe Biden is set to unveil a broad strategy to combat antisemitism on Thursday morning, launching a plan that has been in the works for months and that has sparked debate among Jewish organizations.

The strategy will be announced with a video presentation and a live-streamed conversation between its two architects — Susan Rice, Biden’s chief domestic policy adviser, and Second Gentleman Doug Emhoff, who is Jewish.

Multiple sources confirmed to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that the rollout time was announced in messages sent to leaders of Jewish organizations on Sunday. The administration has been laying the groundwork for a strategy that would encompass the breadth of government. Biden said earlier this month that the strategy “includes over 100 meaningful actions that government agencies are going to take to counter antisemitism.” He said it would raise awareness of antisemitism and Jewish heritage, engage in building coalitions to fight antisemitism and bolster security for Jewish communities.

Recent events marking Jewish American Heritage Month, which is observed in May, have made antisemitism and Biden’s plans to combat it a focus both at the White House and in agencies as diverse as the FBI and the US Department of Agriculture.

Emhoff spoke Tuesday night to a gathering of the Jewish Democratic Council of America. Vice President Kamala Harris delivered remarks to the group on Wednesday morning. “Let us not be overwhelmed,” she said, urging those present to work with the strategy once it is published. “Let us not be living in a state of fear. Let us not throw up our hands when it’s time to call up our sleeves.”

A figure familiar with the antisemitism strategy, in the works since December, said the rollout was delayed by a week after Jewish community leaders expressed concerns over how the term “antisemitism” would be defined.

US Vice President Kamala Harris, with the Reverend Al Sharpton (right), speaks at the funeral service for Ruth Whitfield at Mount Olive Baptist Church in Buffalo, New York, May 28, 2022. (Geoff Robins/AFP)

The plan will embrace a “working definition” of antisemitism advanced in recent years by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, whose examples of antisemitism include using “double standards” when criticizing Israel and calling the country a “racist endeavor.”

But there have been tussles on social media over efforts, first reported by Jewish Insider, for the plan to also mention an alternative definition of antisemitism. That definition, written by a group of academics and called the “Nexus Document,” has tighter standards around when anti-Israel speech is antisemitic. It says that applying double standards to Israel may not necessarily be antisemitic, but “to treat Israel differently solely because it is a Jewish state” would be.

In recent days, a number of Jewish organizational leaders have been reassured by White House officials that the reference to the Nexus definition will not detract from the plan’s embrace of the IHRA definition.

However, legacy Jewish groups such as the Anti Defamation League, the World Jewish Congress and even the State of Israel have expressed their displeasure over the White House including any other definition in its strategy other than the IHRA one.

Hours before the strategy’s unveiling, Vice President Kamala Harris met with the leadership of the Jewish Democratic Council of America, telling them that she is “deeply concerned about what we are seeing in terms of hate, and particularly antisemitism.”

Jacob Magid contributed to this report

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