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Haiti President Jovenel Moise assassinated, wife injured in gun attack

Many had deemed his rule illegitimate after elections delayed; interim PM announces he is in charge, urges calm, says gunmen spoke English and Spanish

President of Haiti Jovenel Moise speaks during a press conference in Port-au-Prince, January 7, 2020. (CHANDAN KHANNA/AFP)
President of Haiti Jovenel Moise speaks during a press conference in Port-au-Prince, January 7, 2020. (CHANDAN KHANNA/AFP)

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Haiti President Jovenel Moise was assassinated and his wife wounded early Wednesday in an armed attack at their home, the interim prime minister announced.

Claude Joseph said he was now in charge of the country and urged the public to remain calm while insisting the police and army would ensure the population’s safety.

“The president was assassinated at his home by foreigners who spoke English and Spanish,” Joseph said.

Moise had been ruling Haiti, the poorest country in the Americas, by decree, after legislative elections due in 2018 were delayed in the wake of disputes, including on when his own term ends.

In addition to the political crisis, kidnappings for ransom have surged in recent months, further reflecting the growing influence of armed gangs in the Caribbean nation.

Haiti also faces chronic poverty and recurrent natural disasters.

The president faced steep opposition from swaths of the population that deemed his mandate illegitimate, and he churned through a series of seven prime ministers in four years. Most recently, Joseph was supposed to be replaced this week after only three months in the post by former minister Ariel Henry.

In addition to presidential, legislative, and local elections, Haiti was due to have a constitutional referendum in September after it was twice postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Supported by Moise, the text of the constitutional reform, aimed at strengthening the executive branch, has been overwhelmingly rejected by the opposition and many civil society organizations.

The constitution currently in force was written in 1987 after the fall of the Duvalier dictatorship and declares that “any popular consultation aimed at modifying the Constitution by referendum is formally prohibited.”

Critics had also claimed it was impossible to organize a poll, given the general insecurity in the country.

The United Nations Security Council, the United States, and Europe have called for free and transparent legislative and presidential elections to be held by the end of 2021.

Henry, 71, has been part of Haiti’s coronavirus response and previously held posts in the government in 2015 and 2016 as interior minister then social affairs and labor minister.

He was also a member of the health minister’s cabinet from June 2006 to September 2008, before becoming chief of staff, a post he held from September 2008 to October 2011.

Moise had tasked Henry with “forming a broad-based government” to “solve the glaring problem of insecurity” and to work toward “the holding of general elections and the referendum.”

Henry is close to the opposition, but his appointment was not welcomed by the majority of opposition parties, which have continued to demand the president step down.

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