The Israeli Foreign Ministry said it was “closely following” an announcement late last month by a cabinet minister in Belgium’s Flemish region who said that a majority of lawmakers decided to impose new limitations on ritual slaughter of animals in 2019.

Ben Weyts, the animal welfare minister of the Flemish Region — one of three autonomous states that make up the federal kingdom of Belgium – said on March 30 that “the decision in principle has been taken and everyone should respect it.”

He was commenting on criticism by some Jews and Muslims in Belgium over his announcement that day in the Flemish parliament that new limitations on the slaughter of animals without first stunning them would be introduced on January 1, 2019.

The Israeli ministry said it was “concerned” over the issue.

Neither the elected representatives of the Jewish community of the Flemish Region nor of those of Belgium have consented to the plan to impose new limitations, which Weyts described as a “compromise” and “historical agreement.”

Contrary to some reports in the media, the Flemish parliament did not vote on a ban, according to the De Morgen daily. Instead, the plan to introduce the new limitations was announced as the result of an agreement between the coalition partners of the center-right New Flemish Alliance ruling party.

The precise nature of the new limitations proposed by the Flemish government has not yet been made public and has not been finalized, pending talks with representatives of the Jewish and Muslim communities, according to the Gazet van Antwerpen.

Pinchas Kornfeld, an influential rabbi from Antwerp who acts as spokesperson for the region’s communities and is chairman of the European Shechitah Board, would not comment on the details of the proposed limitations, the Joods Actueel Jewish paper reported.

Shechitah is the Hebrew word for the Jewish Orthodox method of slaughtering animals. It requires they be conscious when their throats are slit, a practice that critics say is cruel but which advocates insist is more humane than mechanized methods used in non-kosher abattoirs. Muslims slaughter animals in a similar method – albeit with fewer restrictions — to produce halal meat.

According to Joods Actueel, the minister is seeking the consent of Muslim and Jewish faith communities to a proposal in which small animals would be non-lethally stunned with electricity before they are killed. Larger animals would receive “irreversible stunning” — a term which usually describes a bolt pin to the brain — within seconds of the slashing of their throats in a procedure known as post-cut stunning. Some Orthodox Jewish communities and their faith leaders, including in Austria, have accepted post-cut stunning.

Kornfeld declined to comment on the proposal. “We will study it calmly and then react,” he told Joods Actueel.

The European Jewish Association, a Brussels-based lobby group, condemned the announcement about the Flemish government’s plan to introduce new limitations on ritual slaughter, which the group said amounted to a ban on the practice.

“Let’s stop pretending that banning kosher slaughter has anything to do with animal welfare,” said the group’s leader, Menachem Margolin. It is “dubious, unsettling and running contrary to [scientific] evidence,” added Margolin, who is a rabbi affiliated with the Chabad Hasidic movement. His association said the government of Belgium’s Walloon Region is planning to announce a similar plan next year.

Antwerp, capital of the Flemish Region, has 18,000 Jews, roughly half of the Jewish population of Belgium. The city’s kosher abattoirs provide meat to many Jewish communities in Europe.