UNITED NATIONS (AP) — UN inspectors said Thursday that chemical weapons were definitely used in a widely publicized August 21 attack near Damascus and probably in four other locations around Syria between March and late August.
The report by UN chemical weapons experts, led by Swedish professor Ake Sellstrom, examined seven alleged chemical weapons attacks and said it lacked information to corroborate the allegations at two locations. The inspectors’ limited mandate barred them from identifying whether the government or opposition fighters were responsible for any of the attacks.
Sellstrom issued an initial report on September 16 which concluded that evidence collected in the Ghouta area of Damascus following an August 21 attack provided “clear and convincing evidence that surface-to-surface rockets containing the nerve agent sarin were used.” Graphic video footage showed dozens of people gasping for air and bodies lined up.
Thursday’s report said evidence indicated chemical weapons were probably used in Khan al Assal outside Aleppo, Jobar in Damascus’ eastern suburbs, Saraqueb near Idlib in the northwest, and Ashrafiah Sahnaya in the Damascus countryside.
The confirmed use of chemical weapons in Ghouta, and the threat of possible US military action, led to a US-Russian agreement to eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons by mid-2014. The process of getting Syrian chemicals that can be used to make weapons out of the country is currently underway.
The experts said they collected “credible information that corroborates the allegations that chemical weapons were used in Khan al Assal on March 19, 2013 against soldiers and civilians.” But the report said the release of chemical weapons at the site couldn’t be independently verified because it lacked “primary information” on how the chemical agents were delivered and because environmental and medical samples weren’t scientifically collected, preserved and analyzed.
The UN mission said it collected evidence “consistent with the probable use of chemical weapons in Jobar on Aug. 24, 2013 on a relatively small scale against soldiers.” But it said it lacked information on the delivery system and the chain of custody for samples, and said therefore it could not “establish the link between the victims, the alleged event and the alleged site.”
At Saraqueb, the inspectors said they collected evidence “that suggests that chemical weapons were used … on April 29, 2013 on a small scale, also against civilians.” Again, they said they lacked information on the delivery system and the chain of custody for environmental samples and therefore couldn’t link the event, the site “and the deceased woman.”
The U.N. mission said it collected evidence “that suggests that chemical weapons were used in Ashrafia Sahnaya on Aug. 25, 2013 on a small scale against soldiers.” But it said it lacked primary information on delivery systems and said samples collected by the U.N. experts one week and one month after the alleged incident tested negative.
The report says the UN investigative team was unable to make on-site visits to almost all of the sites where chemical weapons allegedly were used, mostly because of poor security conditions. Of the seven sites in the final report, the team did visit Ghouta and Jobar, but it found the Jobar site “corrupted by mine-clearing activities.”
Sellstrom handed his final report on the alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
The report was then sent to members of the UN Security Council. Ban said he would address the 193-member General Assembly on Friday and the council on Monday about the report’s findings.
Assoicated Press Writer Cara Anna in New York contributed to this report.
Copyright 2013 The Associated Press