Ukraine could declare neutrality, offer security guarantees to Russia and potentially accept a compromise on contested areas in the country’s east to secure peace “without delay,” President Volodymyr Zelensky said ahead of another planned round of talks. But he said only a face-to-face meeting with Russia’s leader could end the war.
While hinting at possible concessions, Zelensky also stressed that Ukraine’s priority is ensuring its sovereignty and its “territorial integrity” — preventing Russia from carving up the country, something Ukraine and the West say could now be Moscow’s goal.
“Security guarantees and neutrality, non-nuclear status of our state — we are ready to go for it,” Zelensky said in an interview with independent Russian media outlets.
The Ukrainian leader has suggested as much before, but rarely so forcefully, and the latest remarks could create momentum for talks set to resume Tuesday.
Russia has long demanded that Ukraine drop any hope of joining the Western NATO alliance, which Moscow sees as a threat.
Zelensky has also repeatedly stressed that Ukraine needs security guarantees of its own as part of any deal.
“We must come to an agreement with the president of the Russian Federation, and in order to reach an agreement, he needs to get out of there on his own feet… and come to meet me,” he also said in an interview that Russia barred its media from publishing.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said Monday that the two presidents could meet, but only after the key elements of a potential deal are negotiated.
“The meeting is necessary once we have clarity regarding solutions on all key issues,” Lavrov said in an interview with Serbian media. He accused Ukraine of only wanting to “imitate talks,” but said Russia needed concrete results.
In an overnight video address to his nation, Zelensky said Ukraine sought peace “without delay” in talks due to get underway in Istanbul.
While saying “Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are beyond doubt,” Zelensky also suggested compromise might be possible over “the complex question of Donbas.”
It was not clear how the two goals could be squared. Russia and Ukraine also remain far apart on other issues. Zelensky has said any compromises on Donbas or agreement on neutrality must be put to a referendum of Ukrainian voters after Russian troops withdraw, while Moscow wants them sealed in a deal immediately.
He said Ukraine would not try to take back the entire Donbas, which has been the scene of fighting between rebels and Ukrainian forces since 2014, because that would “lead to World War III.”
With its troops bogged down elsewhere, Moscow recently said its focus is now on securing that region. And Kyrylo Budanov, the head of Ukrainian military intelligence, accused Russia of seeking to split Ukraine in two, making a comparison to North and South Korea.
Zelensky accused Russia of killing mayors said to have been abducted by its forces in occupied areas in Ukraine.
Earlier this month, Russian forces were said to have abducted Ivan Fedorov, the mayor of Melitopol, after the city’s capture. There have been no signs of him since his alleged abduction, with Russia installing a new mayor in the city since.
“They are kidnapping the mayors of our cities. They killed some of them. We can’t find some of them. We have already found some of them, and they are dead, ” Zelensky said in an interview with The Economist.
He said that the Russians used the same tactics in Donbas in 2014.
Negotiators are expected to arrive Monday in Istanbul, with talks starting the next day.
Earlier talks, both by video and in person, have failed to make progress on ending a more than month-old war that has killed thousands and driven more than 10 million Ukrainians from their homes — including almost 4 million from their country.
The war has led Western countries to impose punishing sanctions on Russia, squeezing its economy and tanking its currency. Putin said recently that Russia would demand “unfriendly″ countries pay for its natural gas exports only in rubles — a move economists said appeared designed to try to support the Russian currency.
Germany’s energy minister, however, said Monday that the Group of Seven major economies rejected that demand.
With Russia’s offensive stalled in many areas, its troops have resorted to pummeling Ukrainian towns and cities with rockets and artillery in a grinding war. Fierce fighting has raged on the outskirts of Kyiv, but Russian troops remain miles from the city center, their aim of quickly encircling the capital faltering.
In Stoyanka village near Kyiv, Ukrainian soldier Serhiy Udod said Russian troops had taken up defensive positions and suffered heavy losses.
He said “probably they thought it would be like Crimea,” which Russia annexed in 2014.
“But, here it’s not like in Crimea. We are not happy to see them. Here they suffer and get killed.”
A fiercer than expected Ukrainian resistance — bolstered by weapons from the US and other Western allies — has been credited with bogging Russian forces down.
But Zelensky has made increasingly exasperated pleas for Western countries to do more, including sending fighter jets, accusing political leaders on Sunday of lacking courage. Countries from the NATO alliance have been hesitant to give Zelensky some of the more powerful equipment he’s begged for, for fear of triggering a much wider war.
In fact, Russia’s invasion has most Americans at least somewhat worried that the US will be drawn directly into the conflict and could be targeted with nuclear weapons, according to a new poll from The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.
Meanwhile, Ukraine has banned reporting on troop and equipment movements not announced or approved by the military. Journalists who violate the law could face three to eight years in prison.
The restrictions come after Ukrainian authorities criticized social media users who posted photos or videos of troop movements. In a widely publicized case, a Kyiv resident was accused by the security services of posting images on TikTok showing Ukrainian military vehicles near a shopping mall that was later destroyed by a Russian missile strike. Russia alleged Ukraine used the site to resupply rocket artillery.