Ukraine announced Thursday that Russian forces had captured the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the first day of Moscow’s invasion of its ex-Soviet neighbor.
Mykhailo Podolyak, an adviser to President Vladimir Zelensky, said the condition of the plant’s facilities, a confinement shelter, and storage of nuclear waste was unknown.
Earlier, as fighting raged near the site of the world’s worst nuclear disaster, Zelensky wrote on Twitter, “Our soldiers are giving their lives so that the tragedy of 1986 does not happen again.”
A nuclear reactor in then-Soviet Ukraine exploded in April 1986, spewing radioactive waste across Europe in the world’s worst nuclear disaster. The exploded reactor has been covered by a protective shelter to prevent radiation leak and the entire plant has been decommissioned.
Podolyak said that after the “absolutely senseless attack of the Russians in this direction, it is impossible to say that the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is safe.”
He charged that Russia may mount provocations there and described the situation as “one of the most serious threats to Europe today.”
— Kevin Rothrock (@KevinRothrock) February 24, 2022
Russian and Ukrainian forces also battled for control of an airbase on the northern outskirts of Kyiv, as the capital’s mayor declared an overnight curfew.
Zelensky said Russian troops had captured the site. “Enemy paratroopers have been blocked in Gostomel — our troops have been given the order to destroy them,” he said in a video address.
The Gostomel airfield, which is alongside the Antonov airport, is immediately on the northern edge of Kyiv, and the fighting there was the closest that Russian forces had gotten to the capital on the first day of their invasion.
Meanwhile, Kyiv Mayor Vitaly Klitschko announced an overnight curfew in Ukraine’s capital as the country battled to repel the Russian invasion.
Klitschko said the curfew would last from 10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m. local time and that public transport would stop working during that period.
Metro stations would remain open throughout to serve as bomb shelters, he said.
Alexander Kovtonenko, a 30-year-old civilian living nearby, said that two fighter jets had fired missiles at Ukrainian ground units as the assault got underway at the airfield.
“Then there was shooting, it lasted three hours,” he told AFP. “Then three more jets flew in and they started shooting again.”
Smoke was rising from the scene and social media images appeared to show an assault by helicopter-borne troops. CNN showed footage of Russian troops at the airport and a reporter said he had spoken to them.
Breaking: @mchancecnn with Russian forces at the Antonov airport about 15 miles outside of Kyiv. "These troops you can see over here, they are Russian airborne forces. They have taken this airport" pic.twitter.com/SnvmwQ1GeA
— Natasha Bertrand (@NatashaBertrand) February 24, 2022
Shortly before, low-flying helicopters were seen over the capital from the north.
Earlier, Ukrainian border guards had confirmed that Russian ground forces equipped with tanks had also crossed south over the Belarus-Ukraine border into the Kyiv administrative region, headed towards the capital.
Russian President Vladimir Putin launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine at dawn, killing dozens and forcing hundreds to flee for their lives in the pro-Western neighbor.
Zelensky said Russia’s invasion had severed Moscow from the rest of the international community. “What do we hear today? It’s not just rocket explosions, combat and the roar of aircraft. This is the sound of a new iron curtain lowering and closing Russia off from the civilized world,” he said.
Russian airstrikes hit military facilities across the country and ground forces moved in from the north, south, and east, triggering condemnation from Western leaders and warnings of massive sanctions.
Weeks of intense diplomacy failed to deter Putin, who massed over 150,000 troops on Ukraine’s borders in what the West said was the biggest military build-up in Europe since the Second World War.
“I have decided to proceed with a special military operation,” Putin said in a television announcement in the early hours of Thursday.
Shortly afterward, the first bombardments were heard in Ukraine’s capital, Kyiv, and several other cities, according to AFP correspondents.
At least 68 people were killed, including both soldiers and civilians, according to an AFP tally from various Ukrainian official sources.
In the deadliest single strike reported by the authorities, 18 people were killed at a military base near Ukraine’s Black Sea port city of Odessa.
Ukraine’s border guards said Russian forces had reached the region around the capital, Kyiv.
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said a “full-scale invasion” was underway.
Zelensky declared martial law and said Russia was attacking his country’s “military infrastructure” but urged citizens not to panic and vowed victory.
He accused Russia of acting like “Nazi Germany,” saying it had attacked in a “cowardly and suicidal way.”
Ukrainian forces said they had killed “around 50 Russian occupiers” while repulsing an attack on a town on the frontline with Moscow-backed rebels, a toll that could not be immediately confirmed by AFP.
‘Sounds of bombing’
Kyiv’s main international airport was hit in the first bombing of the city since World War II and air raid sirens sounded over the capital at the break of dawn.
“I woke up because of the sounds of bombing. I packed a bag and tried to escape,” Maria Kashkoska told AFP, as she sheltered inside the Kyiv metro station.
In the eastern Ukrainian town of Chuguiv, a son wept over the body of his father among the wreckage of a missile strike in a residential district.
“I told him to leave,” the man sobbed repeatedly, next to the twisted ruins of a car.
Kuleba said the worst-case scenario was playing out.
“This is a war of aggression. Ukraine will defend itself and will win. The world can and must stop Putin. The time to act is now,” he said.
Within a few hours of Putin’s speech, Russia’s defense ministry said it had neutralized Ukrainian military airbases and its air defense systems.
Ukraine said Russian tanks and heavy equipment crossed the border in several northern regions in the east, as well as from the Kremlin-annexed peninsula of Crimea in the south.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the operation would last as long as necessary, saying there were “goals that need to be achieved.”
“Ideally, Ukraine needs to be liberated and cleansed of Nazis,” he told reporters, repeating unfounded claims made by the Kremlin.
‘Unprovoked and unjustified’
The fighting roiled global financial markets, with stocks plunging and oil prices soaring past $100.
European wheat prices also hit a record high on expectations of lower supplies as Ukraine and Russia are two of the world’s biggest producers.
In his televised address, Putin justified the assault by claiming the government was overseeing a “genocide” in the east of the country.
The Kremlin earlier said the leaders of two separatist territories in eastern Ukraine had asked Moscow for military help against Kyiv after Putin recognized their independence on Monday.
A conflict between the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk republics and government forces has dragged on since 2014, killing more than 14,000 people.
US President Joe Biden spoke with Zelensky after the Russian assault began to vow US “support” and “assistance.”
He condemned the “unprovoked and unjustified attack by Russian military forces,” and vowed Russia would be held accountable.
Biden was due to join a virtual meeting of G7 leaders — Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the US — on Thursday, likely to result in more sanctions against Russia.
In Brussels, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said Russia faced “unprecedented isolation” and would be hit with the “harshest sanctions” the European Union has ever imposed.
NATO said it would also hold a virtual summit and activate “defense plans” for allied countries.
But NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg said: “We don’t have any plans to send NATO troops into Ukraine.”
The Russian invasion also rattled eastern NATO members once dominated by Moscow during the Cold War.
Poland called for urgent NATO consultations and said it was preparing for a large influx of refugees, while Lithuania imposed a national state of emergency.
Drop NATO ambitions
Ukraine has around 200,000 military personnel, and could boost that with up to 250,000 reservists.
Moscow’s total forces are much larger — around a million active-duty personnel — and have been modernized and re-armed in recent years.
But Ukraine has received advanced anti-tank weapons and some drones from NATO members. More have been promised as the allies try to deter a Russian attack or at least make it costly.
Russia has long demanded that Ukraine be forbidden from ever joining the NATO alliance and that US troops pull out from Eastern Europe.
Putin this week set out a number of stringent conditions if the West wanted to de-escalate the crisis, saying Ukraine should drop its NATO ambition and become neutral.
“Putin’s aim is to end the existence of Ukraine as it was yesterday,” said Tatyana Stanovaya, founder of the political consultancy R.Politik Center and a non-resident scholar at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
“It is possible that the east of Ukraine will come under Russian control,” she said, adding: “I cannot see anything that would stop Russia now.”
Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.