US blacklists Iranian oil tanker accused of skirting sanctions on Syria
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US blacklists Iranian oil tanker accused of skirting sanctions on Syria

Treasury Department says ultimate beneficiary from sale of crude aboard Adrian Darya 1 is Iran’s Quds Force, which will use proceeds to ‘propagate terrorism’

In this photo from August 18, 2019, an Iranian flag flutters on board the Adrian Darya oil tanker, formerly known as Grace 1, off the coast of Gibraltar. (Johnny Bugeja/AFP)
In this photo from August 18, 2019, an Iranian flag flutters on board the Adrian Darya oil tanker, formerly known as Grace 1, off the coast of Gibraltar. (Johnny Bugeja/AFP)

The United States on Friday blacklisted the Iranian oil tanker Adrian Darya 1 following repeated warnings over its valuable oil cargo.

Previously known as Grace 1, the ship has been bouncing around the Mediterranean Sea after being held for six weeks by Gibraltar on suspicion its cargo was bound for Syria.

Despite Washington’s efforts to keep it detained, it was released by the British territory and its every move is being followed with intense speculation.

The US Treasury Department on Friday said the vessel is “blocked property” under an anti-terrorist order, and “anyone providing support to the Adrian Darya 1 risks being sanctioned.”

The ship’s captain, Akhilesh Kumar, was also blacklisted under the order, which generally prohibits dealings with blocked property by US persons.

The Treasury Department said the ultimate beneficiary of the oil shipment was the Quds Force, the overseas branch of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, designated by the US as a terror group.

In this photo from June 30, 2018, Gen. Qassem Soleimani, center, who heads the IRGC’s Quds Force, attends a graduation ceremony of a group of the guard’s officers in Tehran, Iran. (Office of the Iranian Supreme Leader via AP)

“Vessels like the Adrian Darya 1 enable the IRGC-QF to ship and transfer large volumes of oil, which they attempt to mask and sell illicitly to fund the regime’s malign activities and propagate terrorism,” Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Sigal Mandelker said in a statement.

“Anyone providing support to the Adrian Darya 1 risks being sanctioned. The path to relief is to change course and not allow the IRGC-QF to profit from illicit oil sales,” she added.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said wrote on Twitter that the sanctions showed “the US will not idly watch the Assad regime use Iranian oil to terrorize its own people.”

Pompeo earlier said the US had intelligence indicating the Iranian tanker was heading for Syria, despite Tehran giving assurances that its cargo would not go there.

Lebanon had earlier dismissed Turkish claims that it would receive the ship, which has a cargo of 2.1 million barrels worth around $140 million.

While Iran has denied selling the oil to its Damascus ally, experts said the likely scenario was for a ship-to-ship transfer, with a Syrian port as the final destination.

Maritime traffic monitors had shown that the Adrian Darya’s latest listed destinations, which are not necessarily the next approved port of call, were in Turkey.

After tracking sites showed Mersin as its destination, it then switched to Iskenderun, prompting a reaction from Turkey’s foreign minister Friday.

“This tanker is not heading actually to Iskenderun [in Turkey], this tanker is heading to Lebanon,” Mevlut Cavusoglu said during a visit to Oslo.

Lebanon swiftly dismissed the scenario, stressing that it never buys crude oil because it simply does not have refineries.

No refinery in Lebanon

“The energy ministry does not buy crude oil from any country and Lebanon does not own a crude oil refinery,” Energy Minister Nada Boustani said in a statement.

She added that Lebanon had not received any docking request from the tanker.

“There is also no request for the Adrian Darya 1 oil tanker to enter Lebanon,” Boustani said.

According to maritime traffic monitoring websites, the huge tanker is currently just west of the island nation of Cyprus.

Iran said Monday it had “sold the oil” aboard the tanker and that the owner will decide the destination.

A British Royal Navy ship (L) patrols near supertanker Grace 1, which is suspected of carrying Iranian crude oil to Syria in violation of EU sanctions, after it was detained off the coast of Gibraltar on July 4, 2019. (Jorge Guerrero/AFP)

It did not identify the buyer or say whether the oil had been sold before or after the tanker’s detention in the Strait of Gibraltar, on Spain’s southern tip.

The ship was seized by Gibraltar police and British special forces on July 4 and held on suspicion of shipping oil to Syria in breach of European Union sanctions.

But Iran denied the charge and said it could not name the actual destination due to United States “economic terrorism” and its sanctions on Iran’s oil sales.

In July, Iran’s IRGC impounded a British-flagged tanker in strategic Gulf waters. Britain called it a tit-for-tat move but Tehran denied any connection.

A court in the British territory ordered the tanker’s release on August 15, despite a last-minute legal bid by the United States to have it detained.

‘Aimlessly moseying’

The Adrian Darya 1 set sail for the eastern Mediterranean three days after it was released.

According to maritime traffic monitoring websites, the huge tanker has changed direction multiple times, following no apparent logic.

The specialized TankerTrackers social media account noted Friday after the vessel listed Iskenderun as its destination that little could be read into it.

“Consider this just a record update rather than anything substantial. We believe a transfer is still a few days away. Turkey will not import this oil,” it said.

It earlier described it as “aimlessly moseying around the Med.”

Tensions between Iran and the US have soared ever since Washington stepped up its campaign of “maximum pressure” against Tehran and reimposed sanctions after leaving the landmark 2015 nuclear deal last year.

Syria, which has ports on the Mediterranean, is also under a raft of US and European sanctions over its eight-year-old conflict.

Russia, which together with Iran, is Damascus’s key ally in the conflict announced Friday that a ceasefire would come into force in the northwestern region of Idlib.

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