Resisting calls to ban the non-medical circumcision of boys, the governments of Norway and Denmark have taken steps to preserve the practice’s legal status.
Norway’s health ministry has submitted a bill that proposes placing some limitations and fees on ritual circumcision but not banning it outright, while Denmark’s health board issued guidelines stating that the practice is legal.
The Norwegian bill submitted Friday by Health Minister Bent Hoie proposes requiring that all non-medical circumcisions of males, including children, be performed in medical facilities and by a licensed medical professional, the news agency NTB reported.
The bill came amid calls by health professionals, including Norway’s association of nurses and its children’s welfare adviser, to ban the practice altogether because it allegedly violates children’s rights to physical integrity.
But Hoie said the legislation was necessary to ensure circumcisions are performed in a safe manner.
“To prevent Norwegian male children’s exposure to health hazards it is necessary to introduce statutory regulation in this field,” he is quoted as telling NTB. “Now we ensure that the procedure is performed in a proper manner by competent personnel.”
According to the report, the government will charge fees for the procedure but the bill does not specify how much will be charged.
“Ritual circumcision of boys has been practiced in the religious context for thousands of years and is a tradition with deep religious reasons for the Jewish and Muslim populations in many parts of the world. The procedure is not banned in any country,” the ministry wrote in a press release published Friday.
Sweden has had similar legislation since 2001. While parents are not obligated to have the circumcision at a medical facility, it may only be performed by licensed professionals. The Swedish state recognizes professional mohelim, or Jewish circumcisers, as licensed to perform brit milah, the Jewish circumcision.
On Thursday, the Danish National Board of Health published new guidelines that state that non-medical circumcision of boys is permissible, NTB reported, despite calls by the Danish College of General Practitioners — a group with 3,000 members — and other groups to ban the practice.
The Danish Medical Association, which has proposed banning the practice on babies, reluctantly aligned itself with the board’s decision.
“When someone believes very strongly that circumcision is correct, then it is no use going against them,” Lise Moller, the chief of the association’s ethics committee, told NTB.